Diabetes in Teens
Diabetes type one is a medical condition that affects over half a million children worldwide. It is a medical condition for which there is no cure. It is caused by the pancreas not functioning as it should. The pancreas in a healthy body creates a hormone called insulin which regulates the body's blood sugar. In a diabetic, this doesn't happen.
Glucose monitoring is the way in which people with diabetes check their blood sugar levels. This can be done up to 10-15 times per day, with the most important times being before meals/snacks and before and after exercise.
Blood sugars, in the UK, are measured in mmol/l.
For a non-diabetic, the average blood sugar is between 4-8 (mmol/l). For diabetics however, this may not be the case. For this reason, we have to check our blood glucose levels to make sure they are not too high or too low. A common target range for a diabetic is between 4 and 7 mmol/l.
Blood Glucose Meters
There are many different meters to measure blood glucose. In the UK, many of these are available for free on the NHS.
- The Accu-Check Mobile is a convenient all-in-one blood glucose meter that combines a built-in finger pricked and strip-free testing.
Contour Next Link
- The Contour Next Link meter is small and accurate, and can be paired with a Medtronic Insulin Pump (see Insulin Pumps) for even more seamless diabetes control.
Glucose correction is needed when your blood sugar rises too high or drops to low.
When your blood sugar is high (above your target range) this is called a hyper.
When your blood sugars drops below 4 mmol/l, this is called a hypo.