Insect Orders By Alex coley

Grass hopper, order, Orthoptera

"Antennae may be short to very long depending on the species. Grasshoppers have relatively short antennae while crickets and katydids generally have long antennae."

"2 pairs of wings. The forewings are narrower than the hind wings and hardened or leathery at the base. They are held roof-like overlapping the abdomen at rest. The hind wing is membranous and held folded fan-like under the forewings when at rest."

Dragon fly, order odonata

"The adults are easily recognized by their two pairs of narrow, transparent wings, sloping thorax, and long, usually slender body; the abdomen is almost always longer than any of the wings."

"Large, active by day, and often strikingly coloured, they are usually seen flying near water. Adult odonates are voracious predators, as are the aquatic larvae."

Stink bug - Hemiptera Order

"The Hemiptera are called 'true' bugs because everyone - entomologists included - tend to call all insects 'bugs'."

"Many of them are very different from each other, but all of them have piercing mouthparts with which they can suck the juices from plants or animals - usually plants. Their mouthparts are contained in a beak (or rostrum) which is usually held underneath the body when not in use."

"As plant feeders, some bugs - such as the aphids, for example - are serious agricultural pests, not just because they damage crops but because they can transmit viral diseases too. However, most bugs are not pests."

Lady bug-order Coleoptera

"The oldest beetle fossils are from the Lower Permian (about 265 million years old; Ponomarenko, 1995); since then the group has diversified into many different forms."

"They range in size from minute featherwing beetles (Ptiliidae), adults of which are as small as 0.3 mm long, to the giant Goliath and Hercules beetles (Scarabaeidae), which can be well over 15 cm. While most species are phytophagous, many are predacious, or fungivores, or are parasitoids."

Horse fly- Diptera order

"Dipteran (order Diptera), any member of an order of insects containing the two-winged or so-called true flies. Although many winged insects are commonly called flies, the name is strictly applicable only to members of Diptera."

"One of the largest insect orders, it numbers more than 120,000 species that are relatively small, with soft bodies. Although the mouthparts of flies are of the sucking type, individuals show considerable variation in structure."

Butterfly- Lepidoptera order

"2 pairs of membranous wings that are covered in tiny scales which overlap like shingles on a roof. A few moths are wingless."

"Antennae present. Antennae are long and slender in female moths and generally feathery in male moths. Butterflies have clubbed antennae."

Wasp- Order Hymenoptera

"Hymenopterans, the "membrane-winged" insects, include bees, ants, and a large number of other insect taxa collectively referred to as wasps."

"Hymenoptera include famous examples of social insects, such as honeybees and true ants; these insects have developed regimented social systems in which members are divided into worker, drone, and queen castes."

Credits:

Created with images by zdenet - "bug sheet insect" • Brett_Hondow - "grasshopper hopper insect" • Raghunath Thirumalaisamy - "Dragon Fly (தும்பி)" • Lennart Tange - "Hemiptera ??" • born1945 - "Lady Bug" • USDAgov - "d1058-1" • FreeWine - "Butterfly" • hansbenn - "blossom bloom insect"

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