Judaism A religion of vast majority in the Middle East

Judaism is the oldest surviving monotheistic religion, and was founded in the second millennium B.C.E. The founder of Judaism was Abraham who was a citizen of the region of Mesopotamia. One day, he claimed that he had heard God speak to him saying that he should go to the land of Canaan where there would one day rise a great nation. Abraham went and many followed him. However once they arrived, there wasn’t enough food or water for the Hebrews to survive. They moved away to Egypt and were enslaved by the pharaoh for 300 years. They were then freed by Moses who led them back to Canaan and gave them the Ten Commandments.

Judaism has had a long history, and many hardships, from losing their home land, and being segregated in Western Europe. The Jews that lived in Germany were known as Ashkenazim. Many Jews were faced with discrimination and persecution because of their beliefs. Several years later, the Jewish land of Israel was founded in 1948.

Jewish Synagogue

Judaism beliefs include Abraham as their leader, and Moses the prophet. Jews must follow the 613 laws in the Torah, which is the Jewish holy book. It is made up of mostly the first 5 chapters of the Old Testament. The Jewish place of worship is the synagogue. The synagogue is considered the patriarch of all three monotheistic religions. It is also a safe place to study the Torah. The Rabbi is the holy leader of the praying session in the synagogue. The Jewish symbol is The Star of David. The Star of David is thought to be the shield or emblem of King David. The magic shield of King David protected him from enemies.

There are three main branches of Judaism. Orthodoxy Jews believe Jewish law non changing, and will remain the same. Conservative Jews disagree and believe that God's laws will change. Reconstruction Jews believe that the Jewish laws are just guidelines, and are free to follow and change the laws that they live by. The majority of Jews are Orthodox, and this branch remains politically and legally dominate. Jews do not believe in the Messiah, unlike Christians. They do not know what the afterlife is, because they are still waiting. Both Jews and Muslims operate around the Lunar Calendar, which revolvers around the moon. Jews and Christians, Muslims all believe in Abraham, as a prophet and leader.

Jewish Passover traditions

Some of the popular Jewish traditions include men wearing a kip, or yarmullae, which is a dish shaped hat, and is not uncommon for women to cover their heads with wigs or headscarves. Jewish diet allows them to only eat Kosher foods, which must be approved before consumed. There are four major Jewish religions: Rosh Hashanah, Yom-Kippur, Hanukkah, and Passover. Rosh Hashanah is the Jewish New Year celebration. The Jewish calendar goes by the Lunar Calendar. Rosh Hashanah will start on Wednesday, September 20 and end on Friday, September 22 of this year. Yom-Kippur is also another important celebrated in the Jewish Religion. It is known as the Day of Atonement. It is a time for penance and forgiveness of sins that have been committed by and against that person. It begins immediately after Rosh Hashanah. Yom-Kippur will take place on Friday, September 29 and will end on Saturday, September 30 of this year. Hanukkah is also a holiday that is widely celebrated by people of the Jewish faith. Hanukkah. It is considered to be one of the less important festival. It lasts eight days and each day the family lights one of eight candles. This holiday commemorates the re-dedication of King Solomon’s temple. Hanukkah will start on Saturday, December 24 and will end on Sunday, January 1 of 2017. The final holiday that is widely known and practiced by people of the Jewish faith is Passover. Passover is a celebration that commemorates the freedom of the Hebrew slaves from the Pharaoh’s power. It is named after the final plague that eventually gave the Hebrew’s their freedom. Passover is a sacred meal where a family gathers and recites prayers and eats specific foods in a specific fashion. Passover will begin on Monday, April 10 and end on Tuesday, April 18 of this year.

Video Link: https://youtu.be/HyEaAcPGAhA

By: Jacob Mielczarek , Matthew Smyth, and Elizabeth Rutledge

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Created with images by NadineDoerle - "window hublot round window" • Emmanuel Dyan - "Orthodox Synagogue, Targu Mures - Romania" • Didgeman - "easter lamb cross" • s2dent - "menorah burning jewish"

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