Inferior Courts- A court of limited jurisdiction.
Precedent- An earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances
Grand Jury- A jury, normally of twenty-three jurors, selected to examine the validity of an accusation before trial.
Jurisdiction- The official power to make legal decisions and judgements
Concurring Opinion- A written opinion by one or more judges of a court which agrees with the decision made by the majority of the court.
Dissenting Opinion- When one or more judges disagrees with the majority opinion of the court.
Indictment- A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime.
Plaintiff- A person who bridges a case against another in a court of law
Defendant- An individual, company or institutution sued or accused in a court of law
Double Jeopardy- The prosecution of a person twice for the same offense
Majority Opinion- Judicial opinion is agreed to by more or half of the members in the court
Miranda Rule- A concept in law that applies to a police interrogation of perspm who have been take into custody.
Exclusive Jurisdiction- Power of a court to adjudicate a case to the exclusion of all others courts
Redress- The act of setting right an unjust situation or to satisfaction sought or gained for a wrong suffered of grievances.
Bail- The temporary release of an accused person awaiting trial, sometimes on condition that a sum of money be lodged to guarantee their appearance in court.
Original Jurisdiction- A court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction.
Capital Punishment- The legally authorized killing of someone as a punishment for a crime.
Appellate Jurisdiction- Power of a higher court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts
Concurrent Jurisdiction- The ability to exercise judicial review by different courts at the same time.
Civil Liberties- The state of being subject only to laws established for the good of the community, especially with regard to freedom of action and speech.
Exclusionary Rule- A law that prohibits the use of illegally obtained evidence in a crime trial
Segregation- The action or state of setting someone or something apart from other people or things or being set apart.
Civil Rights- The rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality
Jim Crow Law- State and local laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States.
Separate-But-Equal Doctrine- A phrase was derived from a Louisiana law of 1980. although the law actually used the phrase "equal but separate"
Writ of Certiorari- Appellate court decides to review a case at its discretion.
Writ of Habeas Corpus- Court order to a person or agency holding someone in custody to deliver the imprisoned individual to the court issuing the order to show valid reason for the persons detention.