Unit 3 Vocab BY: Nathaly loredo

Inferior Courts- A court of limited jurisdiction.

Precedent- An earlier event or action that is regarded as an example or guide to be considered in subsequent similar circumstances

Grand Jury- A jury, normally of twenty-three jurors, selected to examine the validity of an accusation before trial.

Jurisdiction- The official power to make legal decisions and judgements

Concurring Opinion- A written opinion by one or more judges of a court which agrees with the decision made by the majority of the court.

Dissenting Opinion- When one or more judges disagrees with the majority opinion of the court.

Indictment- A formal charge or accusation of a serious crime.

Plaintiff- A person who bridges a case against another in a court of law

Defendant- An individual, company or institutution sued or accused in a court of law

Double Jeopardy- The prosecution of a person twice for the same offense

Majority Opinion- Judicial opinion is agreed to by more or half of the members in the court

Miranda Rule- A concept in law that applies to a police interrogation of perspm who have been take into custody.

Exclusive Jurisdiction- Power of a court to adjudicate a case to the exclusion of all others courts

Redress- The act of setting right an unjust situation or to satisfaction sought or gained for a wrong suffered of grievances.

Bail- The temporary release of an accused person awaiting trial, sometimes on condition that a sum of money be lodged to guarantee their appearance in court.

Original Jurisdiction- A court is the power to hear a case for the first time, as opposed to appellate jurisdiction.

Capital Punishment- The legally authorized killing of someone as a punishment for a crime.

Appellate Jurisdiction- Power of a higher court to review decisions and change outcomes of decisions of lower courts

Concurrent Jurisdiction- The ability to exercise judicial review by different courts at the same time.

Civil Liberties- The state of being subject only to laws established for the good of the community, especially with regard to freedom of action and speech.

Exclusionary Rule- A law that prohibits the use of illegally obtained evidence in a crime trial

Segregation- The action or state of setting someone or something apart from other people or things or being set apart.

Civil Rights- The rights of citizens to political and social freedom and equality

Jim Crow Law- State and local laws enforcing racial segregation in the Southern United States.

Separate-But-Equal Doctrine- A phrase was derived from a Louisiana law of 1980. although the law actually used the phrase "equal but separate"

Writ of Certiorari- Appellate court decides to review a case at its discretion.

Writ of Habeas Corpus- Court order to a person or agency holding someone in custody to deliver the imprisoned individual to the court issuing the order to show valid reason for the persons detention.

Created By
Nathaly Loredo


Created with images by Unsplash - "supreme court building supreme court law"

Made with Adobe Slate

Make your words and images move.

Get Slate

Report Abuse

If you feel that this video content violates the Adobe Terms of Use, you may report this content by filling out this quick form.

To report a Copyright Violation, please follow Section 17 in the Terms of Use.