Be Falls Free! Fall prevention: Courteny Smith

a fall in older adults can lead to many health complications like broken bones.
Falls can also lead to hospitalization and be an indicator for an underlying illness

Lets decrease your risk of falling!

Risk for Falls

Medication that causes changes blood pressure increases risk for falls

These risk factors include

  • Medication
  • Muscle weakness
  • Unbalanced Gait
  • Improper use of Assistive devices
  • Changes in vision
  • Unsafe foot ware
  • Loose carpet
  • Decreased reflexes
  • Painful feet and Joints
  • confusion
  • Poor lighting
  • Unstable railings

important things to check regularly

  • Medication Regimen-Medication should be checked to ensure that there is therapeutic results with no side effects
  • Vision-Needs to checked due to vision loss/ changes with age and can cause instability
  • Footwear-Footwear should be sensible, low heeled shoes that fit well
Ways to improve your home
  • Arrange furniture to be able to walk freely
  • Secure rugs and carpets to the floor and stairs
  • Install handrails and grab bars in bathrooms
  • Ensure good lighting and use Night lights at night
  • Use non-slip rugs in showers and bathroom

WAys to decrease your Risk

When taking blood pressure medication to ensure you do not undergo orthostatic hypotension, which is when your blood pressure lowers suddenly and can make you dizzy and fall, you should rise slowly and sit up for a few seconds before standing to allow yourself to adjust. Ensure proper fluid intake, dehydration can increase fall occurrence. Use walking devices properly and use hand rails when needed. Watch for slick spots like ice or water on the ground that can cause you to fall. Use devices for if a fall occurs you are able to get emergency help for example life alert bracelets.

What to do if a fall occurs

If you fall stay on the ground for a moment to relax and to make sure that nothing is injured before you get back up because it can worsen injury. If you feel like you can get up you want to do it slowly while taking breaks frequently. If pain begins to increase you need to softly lay back down and get help. Work you way into a kneeling position and then go to a chair to sit in and rest after the fall. Your Doctor and caretaker needs to be notified when a fall occurs because there could be possible damage that needs to be assessed. These moments when carrying a phone all the time or use of a life alert really benefit you the patient.

Your safety is our concern

We can prevent falls together!

Here is a video that can give you some more information in Fall prevention


C. (2012, November 11). Falls Prevention - reducing hazards at home. Retrieved March 05, 2017, from

Lasater, K., Cotrell, V., McKenzie, G., Simonson, W., Morgove, M. W., Long, E. E., & Eckstrom, E. (2016). Collaborative Falls Prevention: Interprofessional Team Formation, Implementation, and Evaluation. Journal Of Continuing Education In Nursing, 47(12), 545-550. doi:10.3928/00220124-20161115-07

Lukaszyk, C., Harvey, L., Sherrington, C., Keay, L., Tiedemann, A., Coombes, J., & ... Ivers, R. (2016). Risk factors, incidence, consequences and prevention strategies for falls and fall-injury within older indigenous populations: a systematic review. Australian & New Zealand Journal Of Public Health, 40(6), 564-568. doi:10.1111/1753-6405.12585

Created By
Courteny Smith


Created with images by KX Studio - "Grandma" • jarmoluk - "medications money cure" • jasoneppink - "split stairs" • Carl Mikoy - "New Glasses" • Menswear Market - "AE Revere Moc" • Jason Pratt - "House" • ヨシキ - "Rug" • bogitw - "drip spray water" • aka Kath - "Phone" • Freeimages9 - "hand hold care"

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