The U.S Constitution was the document that described the U.S. government. It mainly portrayed 6 principles. Those principles were: Popular Sovereignty, Limited Government, Separation of Powers, Federalism, Checks and Balances, and Representative Government.
Limited government gives each type of government official different powers. Limited government does exactly what it sounds like: it limits government. For example, in Article, Section 9, Clause 7, of the Constitution, it says the government can't just hand out money as it pleases. Also in Article 2, Section 2 it described the certain powers of the President. Similarly, in Article 1, Section 9 it talks about all of the powers denied to congress.
The Congress Building where the Senate and the House of Representatives do their jobs
A representative government allows the people to be a large part of the government. For example in Article 1, Section 2, Clause 1 it explains how only the people can elect representatives. Also in Article 1, Section 7, Clause 3 it talks about how every vote matters.
Checks and Balances
Checks and balances evens out the share of power by limiting the power of the President. For example, in Article 2, Section 4 it talks about how the President can be impeached if he does certain things. Also in Article 2, Section 7, Clause 2, it says that the President can veto laws if they aren't that great.
Seperation of Powers
Separation of powers makes sure that one part of government can't control everything. For example in Article 1, Section 7, Clause 1 only the House of Representatives can raise taxes. Also in Article 1, Section 10 it talks about how the states have certain powers that the federal government does not.
Federalism divides power between the states and the federal government. For example, in Article 4, Section 4, Clause 1, it says that every state has a republic of its own, showing that the state government and the federal government share power.
Quick Constitution Quiz
Question 1: What is Popular Sovereignty?
Question 2: Summarize Representative Government
Question 3: Choose a principle and show the effects its had on the current government.
Question 4: Why do you think they included Popular Sovereignty in the Constitution?