Mountains and hills cover much of Bosnia and Herzegovina's landscape. These mountains include the Bjelasnica, Maglic, Vlasic, Jahorna, Igman, Cvrsnica, Trebovic, Vran, Cincar, and many more.
South and southwest Herzegovina is a karst. It is filled with limestone plateaus. The uplands are bare but there are poljes with soil good for farming. Lots of their natural resources connected to their economy come from mining.
Bosnia's name comes from a river called the Bosna. The one in the background is the Una. A few rivers are the Nerevta, the Vrbas, and the Drina along with many more. The have about 12 miles of coast.
Bosnia does not have many famous landmarks, but one is Kravika, the waterfall in the background. It is a very beautiful scene with many little waterfalls flowing into a lake.
Stari Most is an Ottoman bridge built from the 16th century in the city of Mostar that goes over the river of Neretva and connects two parts of the city.
Bosnia and Herzegovina are two regions of what many people simply refer to as Bosnia. Bosnia is bordered by Croatia, Serbia, and Montenegro. The Sava and Drina rivers make up the North and East borders.
They have these separate regions because, in the pre-Ottoman era, there was the Kingdom of Bosnia. As the kingdom started to fail and the Ottomans got closer in mid-15th century, there was a duke in the southern part of Bosnia, Stjepan Vukčić Kosača. He disliked the Bosnian king and he didn't want to be his vassal. He made himself a herzog (equivalent of duke) and turned to the Ottomans opposing the Bosnian rule. The Ottomans took control of the area, they had the Kingdom of Bosnia, the north, and these partialy independent lands of the Herzog Stjepan, called the land of the Herzog, i.e. Herzegovina.
The language of Bosnia combines Latin and Cryllic alphabet. Serbian and Croatian are also commonly used languages. The Bosnian language, Croatian, and Serbian languages are all pretty common through out the three countries.
Religion tends to be very important to the people of Bosnia. Roman Catholic is the religion of most Bosnian Croats. Bosnian Serbs are a majority of the Serbian Orthodox population. Bosniaks are associated with Islam.
Bosnian cuisine contain lots of meat and spices in moderate amounts. Some dishes include grape leaves being stuffed with meat and/or rice. They have a very wide variety with no very famous dishes as far as I saw.
The most popular sport in B&H is football, but they aren't very good in championships. There basketball team on the other hand has been fairly good, though maybe not to recently. Basketball is also fairly popular to be played by the people of Bosnia.
Rural folk music in Bosnia and Herzegovina include the yelled, "ravne pjesme" and polyphonic ganga (flat song) styles, along with instruments like a droneless bagpipe, šargija and wooden flute.
The main traditional dance originating from Bosnia is the Kolo. People connect hands in a circle and it has very basic steps from there but with many variations.
There traditional clothing was a lot like that of surrounding places in Europe. The used much wool and leather. They do not really have anything very unique about their clothing.
Bosnian architecture changed lots throughout different times. They had average medieval architecture. Then there was the Ottoman period. That was followed by the Austro-Hungarian period. They pretty much transitioned to be aligned with most of Europe as far as architecture as World War 2 came to an end.
Bosnia has a very confusing system of government based around ethnics. The president rotates every eight months between three presidents.
Bosnia was pretty much under the rule of whoever was powerful for a long time. They went from empire to empire.
April 1992 was when the government of the Yugoslav republic of Bosnia-Herzegovina declared independence from Yugoslavia. Through next years, Bosnian Serb forces, with the Serb-dominated Yugoslav army, targeted Bosniak (Bosnian Muslim) and Croatian people for atrocious crimes resulting in deaths of some 100,000 people, mostly Bosniak, by 1995.
Džemal Bijedić, had been a Bosniak Communist politician from Bosnia and Herzegovina, he was also prime minister of Yugoslavia from 1971 until he died.
Dr. Safvet-beg Bašagić, aka Mirza Safvet, had been a Bosnian writer. He was considered a father of Bosnian Renaissance, along with being one of most cherished poets in Bosnia at the turn of the 20th century.
Bosnia does not appear to have any internationally famous people. This is probably due to the fact a lot of people still think of a very unstable country when Bosnia and Herzegovina is brought up and it would be hard to become famous from there.