Southern Africa pages 377-396

Southern Africa

Landforms and bodies of water

1. A land form is a natural feature of the Earth's surface. 2. Southern Africa's physical geography is described as a high elevation. 3. The Drankensberg mountains are parallel the Indian Ocean coastline for some 700 miles.

Landforms

Angola and South Africa are each nearly the same size of Western Europe. They are the continents 7th and 9th largest countries. The country of Madagascar occupies the world's island.

Bodies of Water

The three major river systems are the Zambezi, Limpopo, and Orange

Which type of land form is common in Southern Africa? The most common land form in Southern Africa is mountains.

Climate

1.The tropic of Capricorn crosses the middle of Southern Africa. 2. Southern Africa has a wide variety of climates, ranging from humid to arid to hot to cool. Daily average temperature is from the upper 60 to 70 degrees

Temperate Zones

1. Rainfall changes between 8 inches to 24 inches depending where it is as. 2. Oceans bring up to 55 inches of rain fall. Most of the rain fall is in the summer.

Desert Regions

1. Western South Africa, western Namibia, and a lot of Botswana are arid. 2. In some years there is very little rain or no rain at all. Fog and dew provide the plants the moisture that the plants need.

Why are temperatures in Southern Africa's tropical countries generally not hot? Temperatures in Southern Africa are not generally hot because it is not near the equator.

Natural Resouses

What natural resources are found in Southern Africa, and what are they important? The natural resources found in Southern Africa are..... and they are important because...

SOuth Africa'a Resorces

1. It is the world's largest platinum, chromium, and gold. 2. It is one of the largest producers of diamonds both gems and indutrial diamonds.

energy resources

1. The region's rivers are one of the resources for providing power. 2. Mozambique has large deposits of natural gas.

Minerals and other resources

1. Namibia is one of Africa's richest countries in mineral resources. 2. Gold is the leading export for Zimbabwe.

Wildlife

1. The wildlife in Southern Africa live within and outside of many national parks and wildlife reserves to protect them.

How does deforestation affect the energy supply in the region? Deforestation affects the energy supply in the region by having unclean water.

Lesson 2

HISTORY OF SOUTHERN AFRICA-Rise of Kingdoms-Southern Africa's indigenous people have inhabited the region for thousands of years.

gReat zimbabwe

1. In the a.d 900, the Shona people built a powerful and wealthy kingdom. 2. It was the largest of many similar cities along the region

The mutapa empire

1. In the late 1400s, the Shona conquered the region between the Zambezi and Limpopo rivers from Zimbabwe to the coast of Mozambique. 2. The Portuguese arrived and took over the coastal trade in the 1500s

other kingdoms

1. The Zulu leader Shaka united his people in the early 1800s to form the Zulu Empire in what is now South Africa. 2. A series of kingdoms rose and fell on the island of Madagascar from the 1600s to the 1800s.

European colonies

1. Around 1500, Portugal and other European countries began establishing settlements along the African coast. 2. The first settlements were trading pots and supply stations at which ships could stop on their way to and from Asia.

Clashes in south africa

1. The Africans did not like the Dutch pushing into their land, and soon they started fighting over it. 2. By late 1700s, the Africans had been defeated.

the union of south africa

1.Wars in Europe gave Britian controp of the Cape Colony in the early 1800s 2. In the 1860s, the Boers discovered diamonds in their territory.

colonialism in other areas

1.While the British and the Boers competed for South Africa, other European countries were competing over the rest of Africa 2. European control in Southern Africa continued for about 80 years.

Which European country claimed the most territory in Southern Africa in the 1800s? Britian

Independence and equal rights

1. French rule in Madagascar ended in 1960, making it the first Southern Africa country to gain independence. 2. Swaziland and Mauritius gained their freedom in 1968.

The end of Portuguese rule

1.While other European nations gave up their Africa Colonies, Portugal refused to do so. 2. By 1974, the Portuguese had grown tired of these bloody expensive wars.

the birth of zimabwe

After granting Malawi and Zambi independence, Britian prepared to free neighboring Zimbabwe, then called Southern Rhodesia. 2. Rhodesia's African population demanded the right to vote.

equal rights in south africa

1. After independence, the growth of South Africa's mining and other industries depended on the labor of black Africans. 2. Who greatly outnumbered the country's whites. 3. The new government leaders began enacting laws that created a system called apartheid.

Lesson 3

Life in southern Africa/ the people of the region

The population of Southern Africa is overwhelmingly black African.

population patterns

1. Southern Africa's countries vary widely in population. 2. Population depends heavily on geography and economics of Lesotho and Switzerland. 3. South Africa and Angola are about the same size.

ETHNIC and culture groups

1. Africans are not a single people. 2. Southern Africa is home to many ethnic and cultural groups who speak several different languages. 3. About 4 million Tswana form the major population group in Botswana.

Religion and Languages

1. Southerns Africa's colonial past has also influenced its people's religious beliefs. 2. In Angola, however, nearly half the population continues to hold traditional indigenous religious beliefs.

life in southern africa

As in other regions of Africa, life differs from city to countryside.

urban growth and change

1. The rapid growth of some cities has strained piblic utilities. 2. The region's cities have a mix of many ethnic groups and cultures. 3. Johannesburg's role as a mining manufacturing, and financial center has attracted people from around the world.

family and traditional life

1. People who move to the cities must adjust new experiences and a different way of life. 2.Rural Villages are often small.

Where in their countries do most Southern Africans live? Countryside

southern africa today

Southern Africa's wealth of mineral, wildlife, and other resources may be the key to its future

health issues.

In the majority of countries, people do not live past 50 to 55.

Disease

1. Malaria, a tropical disease carried by mosquitoes, is a problem in several countries. 2. A major cause of death in children and adults on HIV/AIDS. 3. The high incidence of HIV/AIDS has disrupted the labor force by depriving countries of needed work.

progress and growth

1. Angola and Mozambique continue to rebuild cities and towns, industries, railroads, and communications systems that have been damaged or destroyed by years of civil war. 2. Oil exports in ANgola and aluminum exports in Mozambique help finance this effort.

help from other countries

1. The United States has used economic aid to strengthen democracy in Southern Africa. 2. Other countries and international organization have also made huge investments in the region.

why is life expectancy in Southern Africa so low? Because they have children that die of HIV/AIDS

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