• Equity Theory is the perception of employees on what is fair when their contributions and rewards are compared to others they consider similar
  • Some years ago wages were based upon gender
  • (the amount by which the average pay for full-time male worker)-(the amount by which the average pay for full-time female worker)= gender wage gap
  • Canada’s gender wage gap: 30 % (last decade)
  • The factors that contribute to this gap: differences in occupations, qualifications, experiences, industries, union membership, and presence of discrimination
  • The Pay Equity legislation was introduced to redress the occupational segregation and historical undervaluing of work done by women


  1. The Canadian Human Rights Act (1976) - for public sector employees and large companies such as Canada Post, Banks, Railway etc
  2. The Ontario Pay Equity Act (1987) - for private sector employees


  • The Canadian Human Rights Act was enacted in 1976
  • The Act prohibits discrimination in hiring and employment - (race, ethnicity, religion, gender, marital status, sexual orientation, age, mental or physical ability)
  • Section 11: (1) It is a discriminatory practice for an employer to establish or maintain differences in wages between male and female employees employed in the same establishment who are performing work of equal value


  • Ontario Pay Equity Act
  • Passed in 1987 to ensure that an employer's compensation provides pay equity for all employees
  • The Pay Equity Commission regulates the enforcement of the law
  • The commission is divided into two independent bodies: The Pay Equity Office and The Pay Equity Hearings Tribunal
  • Organizations must take certain steps to achieve the pay equity plan as outlined by the Act
  • These steps include: determine what rule applies, identify female and male job classes , establish a joint committee to conduct the pay equity process, select a gender-neutral job comparison system, collect job information, compare jobs (job-to-job, proportional value and proxy methods), check for permissible differences, adjust compensation, communicate the results and maintain pay equity
  • Part 1: Section 7: every employer shall establish and maintain compensation practices that provide for pay equity in every establishment of the employer
  • Part 1: Section 9(1): An employer shall not reduce the compensation payable to any employee or reduce rate of compensation for any position in order to achieve pay equity


  • One of the largest tire producing companies in the world
  • Started in 1898 with 13 workers in Ohio, United States
  • Global presence in Africa, America, Asia and Europe
  • Ranks up to $16 billion in annual sales
  • Operates in Alberta, Ontario and Quebec with over 100 employees at each location
  • The Ontario Pay Equity Act applies to Goodyear as it is a private company and has more than 10 employees at its Toronto headoffice
  • The company has different pay equity plans for various locations; one plan for its unionized and one for non-unionized employees
  • Each plan is designed on a spreadsheet including data of employees such as name, gender, position, pay bound, start date etc. in a tabular form
  • The pay plans are re-evaluated regularly and are in accordance with the legislation and company policy
  • The company post the plans where all employees can have access to it
  • Goodyear maintains its Pay Equity Plans by regular job evaluation i.e following market trends, gathering job information, knowing the value of every KSAOs relevant to the organization
  • By monitoring job class restructure where changes may arise
  • Finally, the company conducts a cursory evaluation when there is a fundamental change in the organization structure


Acts as the crown corporation functioning as the country's postal operator both locally and internationally

  • 1867: Royal Mail Canada was founded
  • 1960s: rebranded to Canada Post
  • 1983: The Public Service Alliance of Canada filed against Canada Post on behalf of 2,300 clerical workers (mostly females) for undervalued salaries
  • 1985-1992: Investigation began
  • 1993-2003: court hearings about female workers salary which transcript was 46,000 pages long
  • 2002: The tribunal made a decision that $150 million be paid to eligible workers, although, PSAC asked for $300 million in damages
  • Canada Post refused the tribunal's ruling and took the case to the Supreme Court
  • 2011: The Supreme Court ruled in favour of the workers in. the ruling amounted to $250million in damages
  • 2015: Already paid about 10,000 people while more than a thousand are still eligible
  • 2017: Still seeking out eligible workers
  • No reservation towards the law as an organization
  • A worthwhile law to be emulated in other countries
  • Right measure to amend the gender wage gap that still exist in some work place
Created By
Motunrayo Gar'ba

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