How have Canada's government increased the sustainability of maple syrup production? (C1.1)
Since 1988 maple syrup producing companies have been 31% more effecient by using inventions like the sap heater which uses recycled steam from the evaporator to warm the fresh sap. The reverse osmosis, freeze concentration, vacuum evaporator, and vapor compression evaporator concentrate the sap before it enters the evaporator which helps the process be more efficient.
Maple syrup production rate has been growing because of the efficient production
The strategies listed above can be used in the evaporating part
Effects of Canada's contribution in international trade and globalization in development and management of maple syrup(C1.2)(C3.1) and (C3.2)
Canada has traded 38,374,556 kg of Maple syrup with 50 countries and more than 60% of that Maple syrup is exported to U. Successfully Canada has made $181million of Maple syrup trade. The main reason is 71% of the world's pure maple syrup comes from Canada and 91% of it is produced in Quebec.
graph showing top ten Maple syrup export destination
who is responsible for maple syrup preservation? (C1.3)
There are many groups or companies which are preserving maple forest such as the " space for life" group, "Forest Preserve District of DuPage County" .etc. These groups preserve maple forest for two reasons, number one is saving trees so we can use this preserved maple syrup when we are low on this resource in the next 100-150 years and secondly we preserve maple forest to protect the animals who need it specially squirrels because this time of the year these critters run low on their food supplies which is mostly nuts so in winter variety of animal species feed on the bark or seeds of the Sugar Maple trees.
picture of squirrel feeding of maple tree branch
What roles and responsibilities do people have in using maple syrup sustainably?(C1.4)
Recently, environmental groups in Canada are promoting the idea of using dead maple trees so they don't go to waste, mostly used for lumber use, highly useful for firewood because of it's dense and moisture content, and if they are found dead in maple syrup season it can be used to fuel the evaporator.
Where is maple syrup located, why is it located there and how do we extract it? ( c2.1)
This picture indicates how maple syrup is produced
Maple syrup is extracted from sugar maple trees which are mostly located in the eastern Canada, from Nova Scotia west through Quebec and southern Ontario to southeastern Manitoba. Sugar maple trees only grow in cold temperatures like -18°C to 10°C and also they only grow on rich and nutritious soil. And most of the environment like this is located in Canada and only 29% of the sugar maple trees are found outside of Canada.
What issues occur in the process of developing, extracting and managing Maple syrup? (c2.2)
Currently Canada is going to be facing two major problems that have not occurred yet. The first one is over tapping, Maple syrup is very economically important to Canada but at the same time we need to consider that we are over tapping these trees meaning that we are extracting maple syrup out of maple trees too early (,before the tree reproduces sap because it takes weeks in cold weather to reproduce) this will lead us to extracting unhealthy sap and slow reproduction. Secondly the biggest problem we are facing is weather, climate change is going to prevent maple trees from producing sap or prevent them from growing at all.
Is Maple syrup renewable or non renewable?(C2.3, C2.4)
Maple syrup is renewable, the maple tree starts reproducing it's sap after it gets tapped but somewhere in the next 100 to 150 years we might see Maple trees becoming non-renewable because of over tapping and climate change.
this picture indicates reproduction/production of sap in a Maple tree
What Factors need to be considered when deciding a location to extract maple syrup? (C3.4)
1. Does tapping hurt the tree?, 2. How big should a maple tree be before tapping it?, 3. Does syrup quality vary from one region, state, or province to another? 4. What kind of environment did the tree grow in ,e.g weather, soil .etc