Floods, droughts and other water-related hazards, together with pressures stemming from unsustainable agricultural practices, water pollution and overuse of aquifers, pose serious risks for food systems, rural livelihoods and the ecosystems on which all of us depend. IWMI researchers deliver water management solutions and decision-support tools that better enable smallholder farmers, resource managers and policy makers to reduce the risks and create new opportunities for communities to thrive, despite climate change impacts and other stresses.
Vital assistance to prepare for climate disasters
Extreme weather takes a heavy toll on communities and economies around the world. The number of climate-related disasters, globally, has increased from an average of 195 per year between 1987 and 1998 to 338 per year between 2000 and 2011. For effective disaster planning, governments need to know where current and future disaster events are likely to take place, and which people and economies will be most affected. But, how?
Laying the groundwork for solar-powered irrigation
The potential benefits of solar energy for irrigation in developing countries are clear. It offers smallholder farmers the possibility of “free” uninterrupted daytime power, provides governments with a means to reduce carbon emissions, and has the potential to create new markets for solar pumps and related technology.
The water productivity renaissance
The longstanding concept of agricultural water productivity, which involves the valuation of farm outputs relative to the amount of water used, is undergoing a renaissance. IWMI began developing this approach two decades ago as part of a widening effort to address water scarcity.
How to manage “hidden” water resources
The pressure on surface water has risen steadily over the past decade, as climate change has made its availability more variable, and as expanding cities, industry and agriculture have all increased water demand. In response, nations have increasingly turned to groundwater as an alternative, reliable water supply.