African Kingdoms Noah Tran

Ghana

Physical Description:

Gulf of Ghana is only a few degrees north of the Equator, giving it a tropical climate

Has the Akwapim-Togo mountain ranges

Lake Volta drains into the gulf of Ghana

"What physical features exist in Ghana? | Reference.com." https://www.reference.com/geography/physical-features-exist-ghana-24cfe02cdc1e21ad. Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.

Religions Practiced There:

Christianity

Pentecostal

Protestant

Catholic

Islam was the main religion that spread through Ghana

"Ghana - The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency." https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/gh.html. Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.

Slave Trade:

Western traders would arrive with goods and slaves to trade

Involved in the transatlantic slave trade from Africa to the Western Hemisphere

Some slaves that were traded in Ghana were either captured in tribal warfare or simply kidnapped

"slave trade | Britannica.com." 28 Jun. 2016, https://www.britannica.com/topic/slave-trade. Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.

Trading System:

Currency was bartering mainly trading gold and salt

Exports were mainly gold, salt, and cocoa beans

Imports were resources, food and slaves

Main trading partners were from the Western Hemisphere

"transatlantic slave trade | slavery | Britannica.com." 20 Jul. 2016, https://www.britannica.com/topic/transatlantic-slave-trade. Accessed 7 Mar. 2017.

Info About The Empire:

Abu Bakr

1203 the Susu occupied the capital of Ghana

1203 the city was destroyed by the Mande emperor Sundiata

Culture:

The languages spoken in ancient Ghana were Soninke and Mande

Muslim merchants from the Sahara brought their faith to Ghana

"Africa: Ancient Ghana - The Medieval Ages (330-1629)." http://themedievalages.weebly.com/africa-ancient-ghana. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017.

Current Ghana:

unitary presidential constitutional democracy

The territory of current day Ghana has been inhabited for a millennia

"Ghana - Wikipedia." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ghana. Accessed 8 Mar. 2017

Mali

Physical Description:

Mostly a savanna grassland

Rugged hills

"Geography of Mali, Landforms - World Atlas." http://www.worldatlas.com/webimage/countrys/africa/mali/mlland.htm. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Religions Practiced There:

Animist

Muslim

Christian

"Religion in Mali - Wikipedia." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Religion_in_Mali. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Slave Trade:

Slaves came from Europe and Arabia

Local people were captured as slaves and sold to the Arabs

(textbook)

Trade System:

Had gold trade routes

Gold was traded throughout the Sahara Desert and the gold industry was high

"Ancient Mali Gold Trade Routes - Ancient Mali Trade Routes vs ...." http://malitradevseuropeantrade.weebly.com/ancient-mali-gold-trade-routes.html. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Information About The Empire:

Empire was founded by Sundiata Keita

Mali empire covered a larger area for a longer period of time than any other West African state

Mali Empire - Wikipedia." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mali_Empire. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Culture:

Most tribes were considered part of the Mandes people

Famous emperor Mansa Musa

"Ancient Africa for Kids: Empire of Ancient Mali - Ducksters." http://www.ducksters.com/history/africa/empire_of_ancient_mali.php. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Current Mali:

Eighth largest country in Africa

Population is 14.5 million

Features the Niger and Senegal Rivers

"Mali - Wikipedia." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Mali. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Songhai

Physical Description:

Sahara Desert

Hot and wet climate

Crops were hard to farm

"Geography - Songhai Empire." http://songhaiempire1.weebly.com/geography.html. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Religions Practiced There:

Muslim

"Religion - The Songhai." http://songhai.weebly.com/religion.html. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Slave Trade:

Slaves were sold to Europeans to work in Europe and the Americas

"Songhai/Slavery African History AP World History." http://apworldhistory101.com/history-of-africa/songhai-slavery/. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Trading System:

Traded gold throughout the Savanna Desert

"Songhai, African Empire, 15-16th Century | South African History Online." 14 Nov. 2011, http://www.sahistory.org.za/topic/songhai-african-empire-15-16th-century. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Information About The Empire:

Sonni Ali was the emperor

Among the first people to settle in the region of Gao was the the Sorko people

"Ancient Africa for Kids: Songhai Empire - Ducksters." http://www.ducksters.com/history/africa/songhai_empire.php. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Culture:

Blend of traditional West African beliefs and the religion of Islam

the law of the land was based on Islam

"Ancient Africa for Kids: Songhai Empire - Ducksters." http://www.ducksters.com/history/africa/songhai_empire.php. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Current Songhai:

The Songhai Empire collapsed after the disastrous defeat at the Battle of Tondibi in 1591

"Songhai Empire - Wikipedia." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Songhai_Empire. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Axum:

Physical Description:

warm steppe climate

mountainous terrain

"Ancient Africa for Kids: Kingdom of Aksum (Axum) - Ducksters." http://www.ducksters.com/history/africa/ki

ngdom_of_aksum_axum.php. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Religions Practiced There:

Christianity

"Axum Empire: Religion, Culture & Government | Study.com." http://study.com/academy/lesson/axum-empire-religion-culture-government.html. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Information About The Empire:

Greek was a common language used for trade

the city of Axum exists in northern Ethiopia

"Kingdom of Aksum - Wikipedia." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Aksum. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Culture:

Blend of many cultures throughout the region

Influenced by the Egyptians, Greeks, Romans and Arabs

"Kingdom of Aksum - Wikipedia." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kingdom_of_Aksum. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Current Situation:

population of 56,500 people

Naval and trading power that ruled the region

"Axum - Wikipedia." https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Axum. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Credits:

Created with images by lapping - "ghana west africa africa" • mexolive - "slave castle elmina ghana" • D-Stanley - "St. George's Castle at Elmina" • Marco Bellucci - "Mosque of Kani Bonzon" • upyernoz - "Sankore Mosque, Timbuktu" • Kibi86 - "crag mali africa" • Martijn.Munneke - "Baden" • A.Davey - "Flowering Tree Euphorbia, Axum, Ethiopia" • Shaun D Metcalfe - "Stalae, Axum Ethiopia"

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