African Kingdoms Tess Gentile

The Ghana empire began in 300 CE and consisted of a bunch of tribes that band together for protection against invaders. Their main resources were iron, gold, and salt and they traded with the Muslims of Northern Africa and the Middle East. At the peak of the ghana empire, ivory and slaves were traded with the Arabs and animals, cloth, and weapons were traded with the Europeans. The people of Ghana spoke Sonike and Mande.

The empire fell around 1050 CE. Ghana today is located 400 miles from where the empire was. Their official language is English and their capital is Accra.

The ancient Ghana empire was located in western Africa, south of the Sahara desert, and had savanna grasslands.

Map of Ghana

“Ancient Africa.” Ducksters Educational Site, www.ducksters.com/history/africa/empire_of_ancient_ghana.php. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

“Africa: Ancient Ghana.” The Medieval Ages (330-1629), themedievalages.weebly.com/africa-ancient-ghana.html. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

“Kingdom of Ghana.” Ushistory.org, Independence Hall Association, www.ushistory.org/civ/7a.asp. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

Today, modern day Mali's official language is French and they are located very close to where the Mali empire was located.

Mali still traded gold, ivory, and salt due to their location and controlled many trade routes. They also still trades slaves in Europe and the Middle East.

Mansa Musa is Mali's most well known emperor. He is known for making a trip to Mecca and giving gold to everyone. Some historians believe that he is the wealthiest person ever.

The ancient Mali empire was located in western Africa and was along the Niger River and south of the Sahara.It was established in 1235 CE and lasted to 1600 CE by the leadership of Sundiata Keita.

Mali was led by a mansa and was also split into provinces, which were led by a governor. They took over Ghana and had the same religion and language, Islam and Mande. The Mali people were divided into caste systems, in which farmers were at the top.

“Ancient Africa.” Ducksters Educational Site, www.ducksters.com/history/africa/empire_of_ancient_mali.php. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

“Ancient AfricanKingdom of Mali.” Kingdom of Mali - Ancient Africa for Kids, africa.mrdonn.org/mali.html. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

“Mali Empire (Ca. 1200- ) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed.” Mali Empire (Ca. 1200- ) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed, www.blackpast.org/gah/mali-empire-ca-1200. Accessed 10 Mar. 2017.

Modern day Songhai is still located in western Africa and has a population of about 3 million.

Askia Muhammad

It lasted from 1464 to 1591, and before the 1400s was under Mali's rule. They came into power under Sunni Ali. At the height of their empire, their leader was Askia Muhammad. Their capital was Gao and they collapsed due to civil war.

Their culture was a blend of traditional Western African beliefs and the religion of Islam. The songhai's daily life was ruled from traditions and local customs. The government was also based on Islam. The empire was also split into provinces.

They took control over trade and traded gold, ivory, and salt. The slaves would transport goods to Europe and the Americas. They were often captives of war.

The Singhai empire was located in Western Africa and was South of the Sahara, along the Niger river.

“Ancient Africa.” Ducksters Educational Site, www.ducksters.com/history/africa/empire_of_ancient_songhai.php. Accessed 9 Mar. 2017.

“Songhai Empire.” Encyclopædia Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., www.britannica.com/place/songhai-empire. Accessed 10 Mar. 2017.

“Songhai Empire (Ca. 1375-1591) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed.” Songhai Empire (Ca. 1375-1591) | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed, www.blackpast.org/gah/songhai-empire-ca-1375-1591. Accessed 10 Mar. 2017.

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