Sudan, located on the continent of Africa in the upper right region, touching the Red Sea, is home to many rich cultures, including the following: Azande, Nuer, Bedouin, Shilluk, and Teda.
The people of Sudan actively maintain an economy by growing coffee beans and practicing skillful industrial arts.
When Sudan gained its independence from Egypt and Britain in 1956, a religious division emerged. Christian churches and schools were established in South Sudan by Italians during the colonial period. The predominantly Christian country was shaken when Islamic military regimes moved in, causing a civil war. NSW.gov shares Sudanese stories of the war, including an excerpt from the article, Fleeing the Homeland.
“[They] come in killing many people, burning all houses, took all cattle. … Mines on road. We witnessed battle.”(Makuei Ajak Ariik)
“The Government forced Sharia law, most of our people took arms. I was 13. In 1983 the school was cut off because of war.”(Makuei Ajak Ariik)
An estimated 600,000 people were, and continue to be, displaced by the brutal civil war. (Zampano, Moloney, and Juan, 2015) A large amount of displaced Sudanese people found resettlement through the Australian Government and neighboring Uganda. (Jones, Secomb, and Fernandez, 2011) Though Australia and Uganda offered a helping hand to Sudan, the refugee overflow continues to grow. Over 3,000 refugees flee to Uganda every day. The UN is currently requesting over $250m to aid Uganda in its efforts to house the fleeing Sudanese people. (Jazeera, 2017)
Australia is preparing for the growing number of refugees fleeing from South Sudan and Syria by unifying humanitarian programs. In past years, Australia established a reputation for their lack of mercy towards refugees because of their detainment policies. The asylum process is under-funded and flooded. Therefore, the chances of gaining asylum in the country of Australia is scarce. The Safe Haven Enterprise Visa is a program offered to refugees that requires them to work or study with no welfare benefits in a specific region; though the visa allows asylum seekers into the country, the restrictions hinder the refugees from thriving. Overall, refugees fleeing to Australia have almost no support. The opportunity to gain a permanent visa is also nearly impossible. (Refugee Council of Australia, 2016)
Currently, South Sudan is still on rocky terms due to the conflict between the president and vice president. Though East African leaders have helped mediate the civil situation, South Sudan continues to experience terror, displacement, hunger, and
distress. According to USIP.org, over 2 million people from South Sudan have been displaced because of the war, and over 4 million are suffering from malnutrition. (United States Institute of Peace, 2016)
Eva Gillies and John Beierle. “Culture Summary: Azande.” 1999.Web. 29 Mar. 2017 http://ehrafworldcultures.yale.edu.ezproxy.net.ucf.edu/ehrafe/countriesCultures.do#context=main&thisChar=S
Giada Zampano, Liam Moloney, and Jovi Juan. “Migrant Crisis: A History of Displacement” Sept 22, 2015 http://graphics.wsj.com/migrant-crisis-a-history-of-displacement/
Shar Jones, Blacktown City Council Museum Advisor; Nicole Secomb, Historian & Heritage Consultant for Blacktown City Council and Andrea Fernandes, NSW Migration Heritage Centre. “A Blacktown Community History Project”. 2011. http://www.migrationheritage.nsw.gov.au/exhibition/sudanesestories/fleeing-the-homeland/index.html
Al Jazeera. “Uganda at ‘Breaking Point’ from S Sudan Refugee Crisis” March 23, 2017. http://www.aljazeera.com/news/2017/03/uganda-breaking-point-sudan-refugee-crisis-170323190028200.html
Refugee Council of Australia. “Australia’s Response to a World in Crisis” March 2016. http://www.refugeecouncil.org.au/
United States Institute of Peace. “The Current Situation in South Sudan” May 2016. https://www.usip.org/publications/2016/05/current-situation-south-sudan