Pottery and ceramics
Tunisia knows a craft of ancient and notorious ceramics. The exploitation of clay pulp dates back to the Neolithic period. It was subsequently enriched by the contribution of the Punic, Roman, Christian, Muslim, Turkish, Persian and Italian civilizations that Tunisia knows. The typical objects of ancient civilizations were the oil lamp or the amphora of which the archaeologists can follow the evolutions for the Punic and Roman periods: the modeling, the cooking and the decoration of the pottery remained primitive. The lines, the dots, the ciliate lines, the saw teeth, the crosses, the lozenges are all motifs that remind us of rural tattoos and fabrics.
Pottery in the streets of Guellala
There is a porous and naked pottery (chawat) on the one hand and a pottery glazed or enamelled (motli) on the other hand. The center of manufacture of porous nude pottery is Djerba and more precisely the city of Guellala. The name has also been identified with the corporation of potters, a district of Tunis and a type of ceramics: Qallaline. The potters of Guellala were the origin of the creation of other pottery centers on the Tunisian coast: Tunis, Nabeul, Moknine, etc.
In the following centuries, the Andalusian influences were mixed with the installation of the Moriscos chased from Spain in the seventeenth century. The twentieth century was a period of renewal of ceramics, especially in Nabeul. We can not forget the craftsmen who possess know-how and are open to the discovery of new techniques such as Jacob Chemla, the Al Kharraz, Keddidi, Ben Sedrine and Abderrazak families in the Nabeul region. While traditionally used for food transport and preservation, pottery is now mainly oriented towards the tourist market which inspires new products such as the magic camel.
La Tunisie possesses the best collection of antiques of the monde principally exhibited in the musées tunisiens au premier rang. C'est à l'époque romaine et surtout from the outset that the art is to be developed at the point where it is parler d'une véritable école africaine marquée par la maîtrise de republishing figurée. The plaques of mosaics are used for orner demeures bourgeoises reprenant les thèmes voire copiant les plus célèbres fragments connus.
Traditional Djerbian Jewellery
It has especially developed in urban areas and is reflected in tiaras, composite necklaces, earrings and bracelets characterized by their finesse and their aesthetic research because of various incrustations. Certain ornaments are worn only on the occasion of marriage. A section of the souks of Tunis is reserved for the corporation of jewelers craftsmen: the souk El Berka, opened in 1612 and originally dedicated to the sale of slaves until 1841, is now reserved for the auction Jewels of gold and silver. The art of the filigree already mastered by the Punic has been revived from the Middle East by the Arab conquest. Yet the Tunisian bourgeoisie from the Ottoman cadres gradually abandoned traditional Tunisian craftsmanship for the benefit of work of Italian inspiration because more elaborate and disseminated by a large and active colony of Jews Livornais hosted and settled in Tunis. The establishment of the French protectorate, accelerating this trend and introducing the figure of the watchmaker-jeweler, will dry up the creativity of the traditional craftsmanship of the jewel.
The "Klim" or "Kilim" is a woolen weaving traditionally made by the nomads of the Tunisian South. Used in the past to cover camel litter or to serve as a separation in tents, it is used today both for the covering of the ground and for wall decoration. Traditional Klims use patterns based on two simple geometric shapes, the triangle and the diamond, in multiple colors. RAKEN offers modern artistic Klims, mostly beige with special motifs, inspired by Tunisian, Arab or Berber cultures. Our Klims are available in four standard sizes.
The "Mergoum" is another form of wool weaving, available in various standard sizes. The Mergoums are specific to an entire region in the eastern Sahara which extends from southern Tunisia to Chad. In Tunisia the manufacture of Mergoum is subject to the quality label of ONAT (Office National de l'Artisanat Tunisien).