William Shakespeare Elizabeth Sutton

  • William Shakespeare was an business man, actor, poet and playwright
  • William Shakespeare, was the son of John Shakespeare and Mary Arden. John was a merchant and public figure in Stratford-upon-Avon.
  • It is generally accepted that he was born in Stratford-upon-Avon, UK on April 23, 1564.
  • Baptized on April 26th, 1564 at Holy Trinity Church
  • He had two older sisters which died at birth making him the eldest living child, and 3 younger brothers, Gilbert, Richard and Edmund
  • Was educated most likely at Kings New School in Stratford-upon-Avon.
  • William married Anne Hathaway on November 28, 1582
  • William was 18 and Anne was 26, and pregnant when they were married, a common occurrence of the time
  • He fathered three children, Susanna, and twins Hamnet and Judith
  • Hamnet died at age 11
  • Thought to have moved to London in mid to late 1580's to pursue acting
Globe Theater in London
  • First evidence of William's theatrical beginning is in 1592
  • Shakespeare was mentioned in the Stationer's register, a guild publication
  • He became managing partner of Lord Chamberlain's Men, later Kings Men acting company in London
  • He dedicated his first poems to the Earl of South Hampton that he is believed to work for early in life
  • In 1599 with his partners, they built the Globe, the most famous theater of it time
  • In 1604 he purchased real estate near Stratford which doubled in price, and many believe this allowed him to concentrate on his writing
  • Shakespeare's primarily used a metrical pattern consisting of unrhymed iambic pentameter, or blank verse to compose his plays
  • Shakespeare's Early works consisted of mostly histories and comedies
  • Richard II, Henry VI, and Henry V were some of the early histories
  • A Midsummer Night's Dream, Merchant of Venice, Much Ado About Nothing, You Like It and The Taming of the Shrew and The two Gentlemen of Verona were some of the early comedies
  • Shakespeare's later works were Tragedies and Comedic Tragedies
  • Some of the tragedies are Hamlet, King Lear, Othello, and Macbeth
  • Shakespeare was thought to have composed his sonnets between 1593 and 1601
  • The Sonnets of Shakespeare, consists of 154 sonnets, al written in the form of three quatrains and a couplet that is now recognized as Shakespearean
  • According to the Oxford dictionary, Shakespeare during the course of his writing created thousands of new words in the English language.
  • Some of the new words include arch-villain, birthplace, bloodsucking, courtship, dewdrop, downstairs, fanged, heartsore, hunchbacked, leapfrog, misquote, pageantry, radiance, schoolboy, stillborn, watchdog and zany, to name a few
  • Only 18 of his plays were published before his death, the rest were published in 1623
  • His cause of death is unknown, but it is thought that it may have been infectious disease since his brother in-law died the week before.
  • It is commonly published that William Shakespeare died on April 23, 1616. Many scholars believe this date is false
  • Scholars question this date as records show he was interred at Trinity Church on April 25, 1616
  • His eldest daughter later married a well-to-do doctor in Stratford, John Hall, but the family died out with his children leaving no direct decendants of William Shakespeare
  • Shakespeare famously willed to his wife before his death, his second best bed, which indicated they were not close in later years
  • The memorial bust located at Trinty Church is recognized as one of two authentic likenesses of Shakespeare because it was approved by people who knew him
  • About 150 years after his death, scholars and critics began to question whether Shakespeare was the author of the works to which he is credited.
  • However to this day he is still referred to as the greatest Dramatist of all time and the English national poet.
("William Shakespeare - Poet, Playwright - Biography.com." 5 Jul. 2016, http://www.biography.com/people/william-shakespeare-9480323. Accessed 5 Jan. 2017.) ("William Shakespeare - Poet | Academy of American Poets - Poets.org." https://www.poets.org/poetsorg/poet/william-shakespeare. Accessed 8 Jan. 2017.)("William Shakespeare - Poet | Academy of American Poets - Poets.org." https://www.poets.org/poetsorg/poet/william-shakespeare. Accessed 8 Jan. 2017.)

Credits:

Created with images by tonynetone - "William Shakespeare" • diejule - "Chairs at Holy Trinity Church" • Reading Tom - "The Globe Theatre" • Ben Sutherland - "Pages of William Shakespeare's first folio at the Bodlean Library, Oxford" • Joanna D R - "William Shakespeare's Land of the Dead" • ptwo - "3604" • ell brown - "Holy Trinity Church, Stratford-upon-Avon - Shakespeare's Grave - grave of William Shakespeare" • flickr.annieandrew - "Where Shakespeare is Buried, Stratford-upon-Avon" • Martin Pettitt - "London, William Shakespeare Bust" • Biblioteca Rector Machado y Nuñez - ""Shakespeare""

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