What is arms race?
Arms race is "A competition between nations for superiority in the development and accumulation of weapons, especially between the US and the former Soviet Union during the Cold War."-(history.com)
The United Sates and Russia both had a fear of starting a Nuclear War. However, if they did the countries need to be ready ahead of time.
Where was the first atomic bomb created?
The United States created the first atomic bomb in New Mexico at a bomb site. This new weapon has a huge impact on the whole Cold War between both the United States and the Soviet Union.
This bomb site was called the "Trinity Site"
This bomb scared the Soviet Union because they realized America was capable of making powerful bombs and they were serious about starting a nuclear war. America knew one day the Soviet union would catch up and make a powerful bomb as well. So the soviet union in August 29th, 1949, on the Semipalatinsk Test Site in Kazakhstan they tested a huge hydrogen bomb. It scared the U.S because we knew eventually they would learn how to make a powerful bomb, and they finally did.
Homes and schools
The government eventually started encouraging citizen to not take this lightly and build bomb shelters underground. Schools began playing bomb games. For example, have teacher yell “Drop!” then the kids were taught to kneel down under their desks
Other schools even had dog tags that identified the names of the students so they could identify the bodies if the school got bombed. The schools also educated the kids by showing them educational G rated movies about bombs to let the kids know how serious this matter was.
On March 23, 1983, President Reagan made the theory of Strategic Defense Initiative Ronald Reagan made up this theory to scare the Russians. He wanted them to believe that the Americans were capable of something that could destroy the atomic bombs in the sky. The Russians spies picked up the information and told the Russian government immediately. The Americans soon realized that the invention was too complex and the administrations later canceled this plan.
This is how many bombs we were producing during the Cold War.