George Washington Emily dills

Inauguration Address

Memorable quote from Inauguration Address: “I rejoice in the belief that mankind will reverse the absurd position that the many were made for the few; and that they will not continue slaves in one part of the globe, when they can be freemen in another.”

2 terms

Nothing limited Presidential terms in the Constitution but Washington declined to run for a third term, setting the example of 2 terms being sufficient.

Supreme Court

Since he was the first President and had no sitting justices at the beginning of his term, he got to choose federal judges including the supreme court.

Seperation of Executive/Legislature

George Washington warned them that without separation of powers the government would fall apart so they needed a clear division between each branch.

Whiskey Rebellion

Thousands of farmers started an uprising of violence in opposition to the excise tax on whiskey in 1794. Many of the rebels were convicted of treason. This was the first occurrence that informed that the "Federal government is supreme."

Presidential Cabinet

George Washington had a team of sophisticated people around him which is called the Cabinet.

Secretary of Treasury

The Treasury is responsible for the economics of a country. They insure the financial security of a country. During George Washington's terms Alexander Hamilton was the main state of treasury.

Secretary of State

Thomas Jefferson held this position and his job was to handle foreign affairs. They have to have advice from the Senate before making decisions tho.

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Secretary of War

Along with being Secretary of State Henry Knox was also a military officer for the Continental Army. As secretary of the war he was responsible for all military affairs.

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Secretary of Justice

The job of Secretary of Justice was to enforce laws and ensure public safety. They punish the guilty and unlawful to control crime. Edmund Randolph held this position.

Domestic Policy
Fallen Timbers

The battle of Fallen Timbers was the last major battle in the northwest between the U.S and the Native Americans. This battle lead to the approval of the treaty of Greenville in 1795, which was the agreement for the indians to give up 25,000 miles of their land and receive 20,000 miles.

Moving the Capital

This included Alexander Hamilton v Thomas Jefferson. They were having a conflict about the debts of states and to appease both of them Washington moved the capital to Washington DC.

Economy and Debt
National Bank

Alexander Hamilton was the person who brought up forming a bank. There was controversy over if it was constitutional or not. To create it would require a strong national government and the country going into debt. The up side to the bank is that it was a safe place to store government funds and issue currency.

Protective Tariffs

Washington issued protective tariffs to put an import tax on European goods and promote U.S industry made products.

Expanding the Judiciary
Judiciary Act of 1789

This created lower courts to assist the big courts and Washington appointed 6 new Justices to expand the judicial branch.

Foreign Policy
Jay's Treaty

When Washington sent John Jay to London to negotiate a treaty. In short the treaty was made to resolve money and boundary disputes between America and Britain.

Pickney's Treaty

When the U.S was having problems with France over territory and it lead to the U.S gaining access to the Mississippi River and ports in New Orleans.

Neutrality Act

This act put a boundary on where battleships from other countries could cross. A 3 mile territorial limit was set.

Farewell Address
Warnings

In Washington's farewell address he warned future leaders and Americans about 2 major thing political parties which are a huge thing in the U.S now and wars with other countries.

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