Cold War Countries Branden beeler

Throughout the duration of the Cold War, there were more countries that became involved in the conflict other than the United States and Soviet Union. One heavily involved and impacted region of the Cold War was Asia. We see this as many conflicts rose among Korea, Vietnam, Taiwan, China and other Asian countries. The two major countries that we are going to inspect the impact of are, Vietnam and China. Both countries had major roles throughout the Cold War, and were closely tied with the two superpowers, the US and USSR.

If anything is known about the Cold War, you’ll understand that Vietnam is a major component throughout the majority of the war. Spanning over twenty years, the harsh fight claimed over three million people were killed and the land was scarred. Over the course of the conflict in Vietnam, the United States alone was seen dropping over eight billion tons of bombs between a short time period of 1965-1973. As you can infer, this eight billion tons of explosives would have a major impact on the land. But, in addition to explosives, there was a significant amount of chemical damage. Agent Orange, a defoliant, was dropped across many heavily foliated areas destroying countless acres of land. In fact, in 1969 alone, Agent Orange was seen in full effect as it claimed 1,034,300 hectares (equivalent to one hundred acres) of forest. This is an outrageous number and was only reached in one year's time. Over the next seven years another chemical, Agent Blue, was introduced and takes an additional 688,000 acres of agricultural land depriving many of food sources.
On April 30, 1975, the world witnesses the fall of Saigon, the capital of South Vietnam. The North has now achieved taking control on the entirety of the country, and with that the government. Due to this victory by the North, the country of Vietnam would now be unified all under a communist government. The following year the country would be known as the Socialist Republic of Vietnam, yet another fifteen years of irregular violence was seen. The country would later, 1986, undergo a free market policy and the economy began to boost. Come 1990, trade and diplomatic relations with the US were restablished. Today, Vietnam still stands as a communist nation.

Another Asian country greatly involved during the Cold War was China. After China had come together as one nation to defeat Japan, they struggle for control of the country resumed once again. This struggle for control was facilitated by the two main parties seeking control; the Nationalist and the Communist. This situation was very similar to the one in Vietnam. Although the US obviously wanted a Nationalist victory in China, they did not see the civil war significant enough to intervene. So, the US offered very little to Nationalist China in its fight against communism. In 1949 however, the communist would seize control of China, opting to side with Soviet Union. This is significant because from here on out, China would be the People’s Republic of China and would side with this communist ideology without change. Due to this, when Nixon came to office he felt that to keep pursuing the change of China was not going to be possible, so a relation with the country would have to be establish. By doing so, China’s cultural revolution began to wind down and talks between the two countries began. This was necessary because by 1979 the time finally came where the US, and a newly recognized China established a formal diplomatic relationship. This relationship is one that has lasted and was really the only sort of relationship that has been established with China.

Credits:

Created with images by manhhai - "Vietnam war 1972" • stefan77dd - "VN036_Flag" • manhhai - "PEKING 1955 - Mao and Ho"

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