voice/tense/mood study guide by: Cameron West

Active and Passive Voice

  • is doing the action
  • normally only one verb (which is an action)
Examples of Active Voice:
  1. The lizard ate the plants.
  2. The Lizard climbed the wall.
  3. The lizard rested in the room.
  • Is receiving the action
  • 2 or more verbs
  • normally a linking or helping verb (1 or more), then an action verb (only one)
Examples of Passive Voice:
  1. The lizards were eating the plants.
  2. The Lizard was climbing the wall.
  3. The lizard will be resting in the room.


Why Tenses are Used

Different verb forms indicate tense, or the time of the action.

Note: Pay attention to see if its singular or plural

Progressive Tense
  • Be + a Present Participle
Forms of Be
  1. Am
  2. Is
  3. Are
  4. Was
  5. Were
  6. Will be
3 types
  1. Present Progressive: Ex: is studying.
  2. Past Progressive: Ex: was studying.
  3. Future Progressive: Ex: will be studying.
  1. Zachary is playing basketball. (present)
  2. Zachary was playing basketball. (past)
  3. Zachary will be playing basketball.
Perfect Tenses

Have + Past Participle

Forms of Have
  1. Have
  2. Had
  3. Has
  4. Will have
3 Types
  1. Present Perfect: Ex: have read.
  2. Past Perfect: Ex: has read.
  3. Future Perfect will have read
  1. Cal, Walker, Graham, and Matthew have football today. (present)
  2. Cal, Walker, Graham, and Matthew had football today. (past)
  3. Cal, Walker, Graham, and Matthew will have football today. (future)


4 moods

  1. indicative
  2. imperative
  3. emphatic
  4. subjunctive


Used to state a fact or ask a question.

  1. Fire Hydrants are checked yearly.
  2. Fire hydrants have been in use worldwide since the mid-1800s with two basic types of dry barrel hydrants in common use.

Imperative Mood

used to give commands.

  1. Andrew, hit the ball.
  2. Andrew, catch the ball.


Is the form of a verb that gives special force to a simple present or past tense verb.

Do + verb

Key Facts
  1. For the present tense, use do or does before the base form of the verb.
  2. For the past tense, use did before the base form of the verb.
  3. Do not confused this with do, does, and did used as auxiliary verbs in questions or negative sentences.
  1. I do like Direct TV.
  2. I did watch TV last night.


can express a wish or a condition that is contrary to to fact.

Subjunctive: (start 1st) (whether, wish, desire, if, that, would, should, could, that)

  1. wish/desire
  2. Demand after that
  3. uncertainty (if)
  4. Control to fact
  5. recommendation
Key Facts

The past tense is used to state present wishes or desires or contrary-to-fact conditions.

The past perfect tense is used to state past wishes, desires, or contrary-to-fact conditions.


Wish or Desire:

I wish I had an electric toothbrush

Contrary-to-fact condition:

If I brushed my teeth, I wouldn't have cavities


Created with images by HOerwin56 - "keyboard laptop datailaufnahme" • PublicDomainPictures - "lizard dragon reptile" • B_Me - "basketball sport ball" • filterssofly - "american football football sports" • jarmoluk - "the ball stadion football" • HarshLight - "Fire Hydrant" • cindydangerjones - "baseball field baseball gravel" • JeepersMedia - "Direct TV," • Hans - "tooth brushes hygiene clean"

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