WWI Trench Warfare Survival Guide Gavin Buck

Entrenching Tool

The entrenching tool helped soldiers dig trenches during WWI and could also be used as a weapon if need. This was important because trenches, which stretched over 250 miles long, were needed in order to have protection from increased weaponry. Without the entrenching tool armies would not have been able to have success in the style of warfare for the time period making them a very important piece of gear that helped them survive ("10 Things").

Steel Helmet

The steel helmet was a very important for any soldier in the trenches because it protected their head from projectiles. It was important for soldiers in trenches to protect their heads as they were the most vulnerable part of their body. Without steel helmets many more soldiers would have died looking over the wall and getting killed by projectiles ("10 Things").


In WWI the bayonet was used as a weapon during close combat trench warfare. When close combat battles broke out in no mans land they would be used instead of the gun itself. This was important because the guns back then were slower and took longer to reload so in that close combat battles the soldiers had a backup weapon. Similar to the bayonet other weapons like clubs where used by trench soldiers in close combat (Simkin).

Gas Mask

The gas mask was another piece of equipment used to help soldiers in the trenches survive because it protected them from chemical warfare. Though the gas mask was uncomfortable almost all the armies had there own version of it. Due to the use of the gas mask the death rate during WWI by chemical warfare was only about 3 percent. With chemical warfare being used greatly during the war it was clear that the gas mask was an important piece of gear to help the soldiers in the trenches survive ("10 Things").

Canned Food

For trench soldiers canned food was one of the only ways they could get some warm food on the front line. Though they had to cook it themselves it was healthier than the spoiled food they would often be sent. Though the taste of Maconochie, a popular soup given to soldiers during the war, was not best it was definitely better for the trench soldiers health.

Work Cited

Simkin, John. “Bayonet : First World War.” Spartacus Educational, Spartacus Educational Publishers Ltd, Aug. 2014, spartacus-educational.com/FWWbayonet.htm. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

“10 Things That Could Have Saved Your Life in the Trenches.” Imperial War Meuseums, www.iwm.org.uk/history/10-things-that-could-have-saved-your-life-in-the-trenches. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

“War Culture – Trench Food.” Military History, 12 Oct. 2012, www.military-history.org/articles/war-culture-trench-food.htm. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

*All pictures used in this presentation where Public Domain.

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