Motivation of Bone Marrow Donors Lloren Hile and Cori Stroebel

Abstract

The central problem of the research is that donors in the bone marrow registry do not follow through with donation when they are contacted as a match. Many people sign up for the registry, but when they are contacted as a match they decide against donation. The purpose of the research is to find what motivates donors and to use those motivational factors to increase the number of people who donate. The people affected by this research are the professionals in charge of donation, the potential donors, and the recipients of the transplant. Articles that were reviewed looked at the different factors that can promote or discourage donation. The articles were grouped into motivational, socioeconomic, legislative, and psychological factors. Personal values were found to be the most cited reasons for donating. The research team is using a qualitative study to collect data on the motivation factors leading to bone marrow donation. Participants will be identified at Be The Match bone marrow registry drives at Clemson University and University of South Carolina. If individuals are willing to participate, informed consent will be obtained, and participants will be provided with a pen and paper survey asking them questions about what motivated them to join Be The Match bone marrow registry. The researchers will collect the completed surveys and store them in a secure location. The findings of this research will help increase donor commitment by focusing on the motivational factors that increase donation rate.

Synthesis of LIterature

The research proved that while there are many different motivational factors, each could be utilized to attract more donors to complete the process. The main factors influencing donor motivation were personal values and social norms (Bednall & Bove, 2011). Confidence of the donor is an important factor leading to commitment, and confidence is increased with education at the time of registration (Switzer et al., 1996; Onitilo et al., 2004). It was also found that motivational factors are different for men and women, and that may be the reason men tend to donate more frequently (Switzer et al., 1997). Women have more ambivalence pre-donation, and perceive more pain post-donation (Switzer et al., 1996). Increased education about the donation process itself also encouraged donors to commit to donation (Onitilo et al., 2004). This is one of the most important factors that lead to follow through with donation. Psychological factors also can motivate or deter donors. Pre-donation ambivalence also correlated with negative psychological reactions to donation (Switzer et al., 1996). Since this research was performed around 15 years ago, there needs to be more evidence on the current factors influencing donation. There are many social factors that have changed since 1996, so the research may not be completely reflective of today’s populations. This is a significant finding, but research needs to be updated to reflect the social norms and ideals of this time period.

methods

The research team is using a qualitative study to collect data on the motivation factors leading to bone marrow donation. Participants will be identified at Be The Match bone marrow registry drives on campus at Clemson University. Researchers will present potential participants with a recruitment script explaining the purpose of the research, asking for their willingness to participate, and asking if they have any questions. If individuals are willing to participate, informed consent will be obtained, and participants will be given a second chance to ask any questions. Participants will be provided with a pen and paper survey asking them questions about what motivated them to join Be The Match bone marrow registry. The researchers will collect the completed surveys and store them in a secure location.

Survey

results

results will be shown here

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