The U.S. Constitution The six principles

The Constitution is a written document based on ideas to protect the rights of the people. It was written to limit the power of the government and give the people more power and freedom. It allowed people to help make imortant decisions by voting. The Constitution showed that the governments power comes from the people.

Popular Sovereignty

Popular Sovereignty is the idea that the governments power comes from the people. For example, the preamble of the Constitution states, "We the people." This shows that the people created the Constitution , and all of the governments power comes from the people.

The Constitution was written to protect people's natural rights.

Limited Government

Limited Government is the idea that the government can only do certain things. First, article one, section nine, clause one, mentions that congress cannot take money from the treasury. Also, article one, section eight, clause one, states that the congress can lay and collect taxes. Laws limit the governments power.

The flag represents the government

Separation of Power

There are three branches of government due to the separation of power. First, the government is separated into the legislative, judicial and executive branch. Next, article two, section one, clause one, states that the President has the executive power. Also, article one, section three, clause one, says that the Senate is composed of two senators.

The White House represents the president, who has the executive power.

Federalism

Federalism is the idea that the federal and state government share power. Laws prevent both state and federal governments from doing certain things. First, article one, section ten, clause one, says that states can't print their own money. Also, article one, section ten, clause one, says that states cant enter in a treaty.

The moeny represdents states not being able to print their own money.

Checks and Balances

Checks and Balances allow each branch of government to limit the other two. First, article one, section two, clause five, states that the House of Representatives can impeach the president. Also, article one, section two, clause two, says that in order to do some things, the President needs consent from the other two branches of government.

The image shows that the House of Representatives has the power to limit the branches of government.

Representative Government

The Representative Government allows citizens to elect their own representatives to make laws. First, article one, section two, clause five, states that the House of Representatives choose their own speakers and officers. Also, article one, section two, clause three, says that representatives are appointed in some states.

The signs represent people electing someone.

Questions

1. What is Popular Sovereignty?

2. What is the purpose of having a Limited Government?

3. Why is it importnat for the governments power to be separated between three branches?

4. Why do state governments have different laws than federal governments?

5. Do you feel it's important that the branches of government can limit each ohers power?

6. What do you think would happen if there wasn't a Representative Government?

Credits:

Created with images by cgrape - "american flag american freedom" • jp26jp - "old transcript constitution" • Unsplash - "flag patriotism stripes" • nathanborror - "White House" • TBIT - "dollar bank note money" • DonkeyHotey - "United States House of Representatives Seal" • Sean McMenemy - "VOTE"

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