DAY 3 - Setting the scene: Water is the key medium through which changes in human and physical systems affect atmospheric temperature rises. Climate change will alter the hydrological cycle in many ways. The trigger is the warming of the atmosphere and oceans, which will change major weather systems. This will alter temporal and spatial patterns of rainfall with consequences for runoff, surface and groundwater storage, river flow regimes and likelihood of extremes – droughts and floods – in different parts of the world. These changes will in turn affect major human livelihood systems, particularly those dependent on direct access to natural assets, e.g. Rain-fed agriculture, human settlement patterns and movement, water supplies, sanitation and irrigation.
Armand Houanye, GIZ, presented on Mainstreaming water security and climate resilience into development planning and decision making process.
Armand outlined mainstreaming objectives and concepts of water security. He compared standard development planning with climate resilient development planning, which will be unaffected by climate change and will deliver benefits under the full range of potential future climate change scenarios. He outlined the key institutional requirements for effective mainstreaming. He presented the Water Climate Development Programme in Africa, WACDEP – A Programme of AU through African Ministers Council on Water (AMCOW) implemented by GWP and partners.
Video: WACDEP Africa Experience in Ghana, outlining the issues and why need to mainstream CCA into water resources management and development.
'Through this process, Bhutan has learned the value of involving all stakeholders for any planning and implementation, also the benefit of strong political will and support, and an enabling environment. It is crucial to understand Local dynamics and have access to relevent data and information.' Phuntsho Wangdi, National Environment Commission, Bhutan
'There is a requirement to upgrade current meteorological and hydrological observation systems, install advanced hydro-meteorological monitoring and flood warning systems, and a establish data bank to upgrade and access data information.' Daw Khon Ra, Director, Hydrology Branch, Irrigation & Water Utilisation Management Department, Myanmar
'Severe flooding has struck recently in Thailand affecting almost every province - notably in 2005, 2006, 2010 and 2011 - which was the most severe flood, affecting the Chao Phraya River Basin. This disaster caused loss of life, and catastrophic damage to livihoods and property. The economy was severely affected. In total, 1.6 million hectares of central Thailand were inundated. The economic losses totalled 1.44 billion baht.'