Art Through the Early 20th Century By: Sofia vakhutinsky (1)

As a new era of Progressivism began in the late 1800s and the early 1920s, a new movement of art began as well. Starting from the early 1900s Georges Braque and Pablo Picasso created a new genre of art called Cubism. It was one of the most radical developments in the art world before World War 1, and revolutionized how objects and paintings were viewed and perceived (2).

Young woman with brown hair, seated, by Amedeo Modigliani (1918) (3)

In the beginning of the movement the work was still semi-realistic such as seen in these pictures, but artists soon started making it more and more geometric.

Dweller on the Threshold, Arthur Bowen Davies (1915) (4)

Arthur Davies made a huge impact on American artwork not from only through his work but from the New York Armory Show in 1913 to which he brought many European art pieces by Picasso, Kirchner, van Gogh, Matisse, Brancusi, and Gauguin among many others whom the American people had previously not seen. (4)

Self Portrait, Joán Miró (Spanish) (1919)

The painting above not only demonstrates how widespread cubism had become, but also how more and more artists had started to use geometric shapes, and had abstract compositions.

The Coffee Mill, Juan Gris (Spanish) (1916) Gris, at one point, lived in the studios of the Bateau-Lavoir, the building where Pablo Picasso and many other poor, immigrant artists lived. (6)

The Spanish Playing Cards, Joan Miro (Spanish) (1920)(7)

Church Street El, Charles Sheeler (American) (1920) (8)

In this painting, we start to see the European Cubism movement reflected in American artwork.

At the Piano, Natalia Udalzova (Russian) (1915)(9)

Peinture, Patrick Henry Bruce (American) (1917-18)(10)

Three Women and Still Life (Dejeuner), Fernand Leger (French) (1920) (11)

Composition with Two Men with Pipes, Fernand Leger (French) (1920)(12)

Pablo Picasso is by some, considered one of the best artists of the 20th century, and was one of the most famous and recognizable artists in the world. He was most famous for his work in cubism, and he was a big factor in driving the revolution of it. (13)

Seated Woman, Pablo Picasso (1927)(14)

Three Musicians, Pablo Picasso (1921) (15)

Three Dancers, Pablo Picasso 1925(16)

The development and creation of Cubism has had, and still has, a great impact on modern art today, which remains very abstract and geometric.

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