Samurai Project By: Chloe song

The Rise of a Military Society

Minamoto Yoritomo came to power in Japan in 1185. He took the title of shogun in 1192. Instead if being emperor he set up a military government in the capital city of kamakura. The shougun is the head military government of Japan in the era of the samurai. A daimyo is a local lord in Japan in the era of the samurai. A code of conduct grew up around the samurai. A samurai has to be honest, brave, and intensely loyal to his lord.

Samurai Armor, Weapons and fighting

A Samurai had a long sword called a katana. The katana measures twenty-four in length. A Samurai wore a robe called a kimono and baggy trousers. It was made of rows with small metal plates coated with lacquer and laced together with silk. Samurai warriors learned mental and physical techniques by archery masters. They also learned how to fight in small places and how to stay out of range from an enemy's sword.

Samurai Training and the Warrior code

To become a samurai you must have mental training, training in preparedness, training in writing and literature, training for the tea ceremony, and training in spiritual strength. They were physically trained in strength and mentally trained in writing and literature. A Samurai had to follow the bushido code. It meant that a Samurai had to be honest, fair, and fearless in the face of death. Samurai were also expected to guard their personal honor. The insult can lead to a duel. Seppuku (Ritual suicide) is the price for failing to live on the bushido code. Preserving personal honor and avoiding capture in battle are some of the reasons for seppuku.

Training in Writing, Literature, and tea ceremony

In Writing and Literature, Samurai were expected to be students of culture and fierce warriors. They practiced calligraphy which is the art of beautiful writing. Tea ceremony was about fostered spirt of harmony, reverence, and calm. They had to go into a room full of guest to make and serve tea.

Spiritual Training

Zen Buddhism is about self discipline, simplicity, and meditation. Samurai liked Zen Buddhism because they thought it would help them with battle and give them inner peace. Amida Buddhism is about pure land.

Women in Samurai Society

In the 12th century women of the warrior class enjoyed honor and respect. In the 17th century Samurai women were treated like inferiors to their husband.

Credits:

Created with images by madmrmox - "mean_samurai" • madmrmox - "Samurai" • madmrmox - "Samurai (4)" • PIRO4D - "feng shui zen stones"

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