Agender, Androgynous, Cisgender, Gender Binary, Gender Conforming, Gender Dysphoria, Gender Expression, Genderfluid, Gender Identity, Gender Marker, Gender Nonconforming, Genderqueer, Intersex, LGBTQ, Nonbinary, Pronouns, Puberty Suppression, Queer, Sexual Orientation, Transgender, Transsexual
Overview & Key Articles
- “I Am Nine Years Old” by Eve Conant
- “Helping Families Talk About Gender” - guidance drawn from HealthyChildren.org
- “Rethinking Gender” by Robin Marantz Henig
- “Making A Man” by Chip Brown
- “Dads At Home” by Patricia Edmonds
- “American Girl” by Tina Rosenberg
- “Dangerous Lives of Girls” by Alexis Okeowo
“Gender is an amalgamation of several elements: chromosomes…anatomy…hormones…psychology…and culture” (Henig, 56).
I. Gender and Person-Body Dualism
"Understand that gender identity and sexual orientation cannot be changed, but the way people identify their gender identity or sexual orientation may change over time as they discover more about themselves." (14)
Guevedoce ("penis at twelve") - These individuals lack the embryonic enzyme that converts testosterone into DHT which allows the tubercle to grow into a penis. When puberty comes with the second wave of testosterone, the tubercle grows into a penis.
Because incongruity between identity and body may exist, personal identity does not depend upon the body in any necessary way.
This dualism rejects the primordial fact that "man is a body."
Moreover, it rejects the two distinct modes in which persons are created: male and female.
II. Gender and Subjectivity
Despite gender being described as an amalgamation of various traits, gender identity is fundamentally a subjective fact detached from any objective fact of the body or external reality. It is determined by the person's internal sense of him- or herself.
This "subjectivistic" view of the person rejects any objectivity of the person in his or her body and its corresponding masculinity and femininity.
III. Gender and Society
"Sometimes I secretly help my older brother [on the farm]. Mom whacks me when she finds out. She says that girls who do these things will grow calluses on their hands; then they become ugly." (Conant, 35)
Fang Wang Yaqueshi, China