The Importance of Digital Storytelling in the Classroom by Kaitlyn McGlynn

What is Digital Storytelling?

  • Multimedia movies that combine photographs, video, animation, sound, music, text, and voiceovers
  • Revolves around a distinct theme
  • Has a specific viewpoint
  • Each is typically 2-5 minutes long

Classroom Use of Digital Stories

  • Personal narratives
  • Recounting historical events
  • Informing/instructing on a certain topic

7 Elements of Digital Storytelling

  1. Point of view
  2. Dramatic question
  3. Emotional content
  4. Gift of your voice
  5. Power of soundtrack
  6. Economy
  7. Pacing

Benefits for Teachers

  • Can be used to present new material as a hook or an anticipatory set
  • Helps access or build background knowledge with students
  • Can be used to enhance lessons within a unit
  • Helps make abstract concepts more understandable
  • Helps with retention of information
  • Relatively easy to produce, even easier to publish
  • Effective way to teach media literacy

Benefits for Students

  • Accesses creative talents of students
  • Enhances communication skills
  • Fosters empathy
  • Appeals to multiple learning styles
  • Allows students to pursue topics about which they are passionate
  • Grows engagement and learning around content
  • Fosters collaboration between students
  • Allows students to showcase their learning and become part of a community
  • Critiquing their own and others' work promotes gains in emotional intelligence and social learning
  • Allows students to take personal ownership and experience a sense of accomplishment when finished
  • Helps give students a sense of self and a recognition of who they are

SKILLS IMPROVED BY DIGITAL STORYTELLING

21st Century Literacies

  • Digital literacy - Effective use of digital devices
  • Global literacy - Understanding of the world and the people in it
  • Technology literacy - Ability to responsibly, appropriately, and effectively use technology
  • Visual literacy - Ability to interpret, negotiate, and make meaning from images
  • Information literacy - Ability to recognize when information is needed and be able to locate and evaluate it effectively

Communication Skills

  • Organizing ideas
  • Expression opinions
  • Constructing narratives
  • Acknowledging an audience
  • Meaningful self-expression

Research Skills

  • Writing - formulating a point of view; writing a script
  • Organization - managing time and materials needed to complete the project
  • Technology - learning how to use a variety of tools
  • Presentation - deciding how to best present the story to an audience
  • Interview - finding sources to interview; choosing questions to ask
  • Interpersonal - working with a group; deciding roles for each group member
  • Problem-solving - learning to make decisions and overcome obstacles throughout the process
  • Assessment - gaining expertise critiquing their own and others' work

Works Cited

  • Dillon, B. (2014, December 15). The Power of Digital Story. Retrieved March 08, 2017, from https://www.edutopia.org/blog/the-power-of-digital-story-bob-dillon
  • Lambert, J. (2016, March 3). Research & Subject Guides: Digital Composition, Storytelling & Multimodal Literacy: What Is Digital Composition & Digital Literacy? Retrieved March 08, 2017, from http://guides.library.stonybrook.edu/digital-storytelling
  • Ohler, J. (2013). Digital storytelling in the classroom: new media pathways to literacy, learning, and creativity (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press.
  • Robin, B. R. 2006. “The Educational Uses of Digital Storytelling”. [Internet document available at http://www.coe.uh.edu/digital-storytelling/evaluation.htm]

Credits:

Created with images by ScratchEdTeam - "BLC Pre-Conference Workshop: Digital Storytelling with Scratch" • 742680 - "chalkboard story blogging" • FirmBee - "office freelancer computer" • sasint - "students adult the record books" • Sean MacEntee - "iPad" • wilhei - "electricity voltage light" • skeeze - "clasped hands comfort hands" • DariuszSankowski - "knowledge book library"

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