African Kingdoms Brett Rush

  • Early Ghana was situated between the Sahara and between the Senegal and Niger rivers. Ghana had a Tropical Climate, Low hills, lots of rivers and the world’s largest lake, Lake Volta.
  • Believed that every living thing in nature had a spirit. Islamic traders shared their beliefs with the people which caused many to convert.
  • Ghana was apart of the Atlantic slave trade that sent millions of Africans to the Americas.
  • Ghana’s main exports were gold and salt. They traded gold and salt with Arabian traders. Ghana had an tax on traders who traded in Ghana and with their people.
  • The Ghana empire lasted from 400 AD until 1200 AD, Mansa Musa ruled from 1140 AD until 1160 AD, Tunka Menin 1062 AD until 1068 AD, Suleiman 1090 AD until 1100 AD.
  • Ghana’s people lived in small groups for protection against nomadic herders. Spoke in Soninke. Gravitated towards the religion of Islam. Ghanaian boys wore traditional masks.
  • Ghana is a unitary republic with an executive presidency and a multiparty political system. Top exports for Ghana include Crude Petroleum, Gold, and Cocoa based items. Ghana economy has stayed about the same since the end of 2014 when the economy fell dramatically.
  • Mali lay along the upper Niger River. This area is filled with fertile soil which contributed to Mail´s growth. Mali is mostly a savanna that grasslands that turns into higher plateaus as you move north.
  • Mali's religions were mostly native based until the rise of a Muslim leader Mansa Musa which influenced the spread of Islam in west Africa.
  • Mali was apart of the Atlantic slave trade that sent millions of West Africans to the Americas.
  • Maliś most important industry for trading was their gold industry. Mali was the center to many Gold Trade Routes. Mali also introduced a new crop, cotton.
  • The Mali Empire was established in 1235 CE. Mali was formed by a leader named Sundiata Keita. He united the tribes of the Malinke people. Mali began to lose its power around the 1400s. The empire fully collapsed in 1600.
  • The people of Mali were divided into castes. One of the most respected caste was the farmers. Other groups included scribes, fisherman, civil servants, slaves and soldiers. An important part in the Mali Empire was Islam. Many of the Mali emperors were Islam, but they did not force their people to convert to Islam.
  • Mali is a presidential representative democratic republic. Mali has a chief of state and a head of government. Mali is at a 6.1 percent growth with a 8.5 percent unemployment rate. Mali is the 102 on the list of economic freedom.
  • The Songhai empire is located south of the Sahara desert and along the Niger river. The Songhai empire stretched over 1,000 miles. During the summer Songhai was hot and wet and during the winter it was cold and dry.
  • Songhaiś religion is mostly based off of local traditons until in 1019 Islam was introduced. Even though Islam was introduced most remained faithful to the traditonal religions.
  • In Songhai slaves were used for many things like to transport goods across the Sahara to Morocco and the Middle East. Slaves were sold to work in Europe and the Americas.
  • The Songhai empire mostly traded gold, ivory, kola nuts, slaves, spices, palm oil and precious woods. The Songhai empire traded for cloth, salt, arms, horses and copper.
  • The Songhai empire lasted from 1464 to 1591. Before the 1400s, Songhai was under Mali rule. Askia Muhammad brought the empire to the height of its power in 1493.
  • Songhai culture was a blend of the religion of Islam and traditional west African beliefs. Daily life was ruled by local customs and traditions. The law of Songhai was based off of Islam.
  • Songhai itself is not a country anymore, but multiple countries make up where Songhai used to be.
  • The Zimbabwe empire is located in south Africa. In some places the climate is mediterranean.
  • The people of Great Zimbabwe most likely worshipped Mwari, the supreme god in the Shona religion. Some believe that religion triggered the city’s rise to power.
  • The great Zimbabwe was apart of the Atlantic slave trade that sent slaves to the Americas.
  • Chinese celadon, Arabian glass, Persian faience, gold and ornaments show that Great Zimbabwe had trading links and lived there generations before the Europeans had colonial domination.
  • The Kingdom of Zimbabwe lasted from 1220 to 1450. The capital of Zimbabwe was Great Zimbabwe. Zimbabwe was a Monarchy and they believed in Mwari.
  • The rulers of Zimbabwe brought artistic and stonemasonry from Mapungbwe. All of the buildings in Great Zimbabwe were round because the people thought demons lived in the corners.
  • Zimbabwe is now a semi-presidential republic. Zimbabwe gained independence from the UK on April 18, 1980. Zimbabwe’s economy relies on its agriculture and mining.
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  • "Mr. Donn." Accessed 10 Mar. 2017.
  • "Ducksters." Accessed 10 Mar. 2017.
  • "The World Factbook - Central Intelligence ...." Accessed 10 Mar. 2017.

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