Cleft Lip- a congenital split in the upper lip on one or both sides of the center, often associated with a cleft palate.
Prevention-Eat properly and take prenatal vitamins before and during pregnancy. Also take folic acid supplements as instructed by your doctor. Reduce your risks for infections during pregnancy. Some infections can increase the risk that a fetus will develop cleft lip or cleft palate
Lasting effects- Dental concerns, hearing problems and speech problems
Treatment- A cleft lip may require one or two surgeries depending on the extent of the repair needed. The initial surgery is usually performed by the time a baby is 3 months old. Further surgeries will probably be needed up to when the child is 18 years old.
Statistics- According to the US Centers for Disease Control & Prevention, an estimated 6,000 babies are born with Down syndrome every year in America. Orofacial clefts, a category of birth defects that includes both isolated cleft palate and cleft lip occur even more (http://cleftresources.com)
One out of every 1,509 babies are born with isolated cleft palates, while One out of every 902 babies are born with cleft lip, with or without cleft palate.
Interesting Fact: Cleft lip forms between the 6-11th week of pregnancy