Bubonic Plague/Black death By: Ethan Simmelink, Health, Period 1

General Facts and Symptoms

The bubonic plague or black death is transmitted by a bacteria found in rats blood and was transported by fleas. The disease is fatal is left untreated for a couple of days. Symptoms being pain in muscles, coughing blood, fever, chills, fatigue, malaise, diarrhea, nausea, vomiting, bleeding, delirium, headache, phlegm, shortness of breath, or swollen and tender lymph node, and decay of body parts EX: hands. Risk factors consist of bubonic plague is being bit or scratch by any infected animal domestic or not.

The black hand (top) is showing the decay hand symptom. While on the bottom left it shows the doctors uniform in the medieval times to attempt to treat the plague. On the bottom right it shows the flea that transports the disease.

Ways Prevent the Bubonic Plague

There are many ways to prevent yourself from getting the bubonic plague by avoid handling deceased animals, and stay away from fleas and rodent droppings. There are many antibiotics that can successfully treat the bubonic plague like, "Streptomycin, Gentamicin, Levofloxacin, Ciprofloxacin, Doxycycline, Moxifloxacin, and Chloramphenicol." Most of which are bacterial antibiotics helping kill of the disease.

The mortality rates for before and after taking antibiotics.

Bubonic Plague Epidemics

There were a couple of epidemics during the middle ages. It happened in the 1330s killing 25 million people as a result. They had no cure and had no idea how it was transmitted between everyone. This is were the sayings "Ring around the Rosie" and "Bonfire" came to be. The disease finally disappeared in the 1600s.

Bonfire was originally bone fire because they had so many people dead that they decided to burn the bodies instead of burying them.
Created By
Ethan Simmelink

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