Cumulus Stage is when the sun heats the surface during the day, and the surface warms the air around it. Warm air rises which is also called an updraft. This air turns into a cumulus cloud if it is moist, and will continue to rise and grow.
Mature stage is when the cumulus cloud continues to become large and heavy with water. This is where precipitation happens.
Dissipating stage is when after about 30 minutes, the thunderstorm begins to cool down and die.
Tornadoes begin as a thunderstorm with warm air rises. Warm air begins to rotate which is also called a mesocyclone, the last step is when the air rolls creating a vortex. The strength of the tornadoes is measured by Fujita Scale.
First step of a hurricane is a thunderstorm formation with warm air rising, the second is when the warm air from the storm moves to the center and rises into clouds. The third step is the clouds forming a ring or also known as an eye wall. Fourth, the ring spins and grows then the last step is the death of the hurricane when it hits the land. Hurricanes are measured by the Saffir Simpson scale, and the waves do the most damage during the storm.