The Secret Annex
The Anne Frank House, Secret Annex, is where the Frank family and the Van Pels family went into hiding. The Anne Frank Annex is in Amsterdam. No one was allowed to leave because it was too dangerous. The Anne Frank House is still in Amsterdam today and people still visit it. In the Annex, there was a bookcase and when you would move the bookcase there is a door behind it that leads to where they were hiding.
A canal is a waterway that lets boats pass through. There were many canals in Amsterdam and near where Anne Frank was hiding. There was this one canal in front of the Anne Frank Annex that Anne would watch from the window in her bedroom. She would watch little kids with their family having fun and watching them get their first steps as a baby.
1) Marriage between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood are forbidden. Marriages nevertheless concluded are invalid, even if concluded abroad to circumvent the law. Annulment proceedings can be initiated only by the State Prosecutor.
2) Extramarital intercourse between Jews and subjects of the state of German or related blood is forbidden.
3) Jews may not employ in their household female subjects of the state of German o related blood who are under 45 years old.
4) Jews are forbidden to fly the Reich or National flag or to display the Reich colors. They are, on the other hand, permitted to display the Jewish colors. The exercise of this right is protected by the State.
5) Any person who violates the prohibition under I will be punished by a prison sentence with hard labor. A male who violates the prohibition under I will be punished with a prison sentence with or without hard labor. Any person violating the provisions under III or IV will be punished with a prison sentence of up to one year and a fine, or with one or the other of these penalties. The Reich Minister of the Interior, in coordination with the Deputy of the Führer and the Reich Minister of Justice, will issue the Legal and Administrative regulations required to implement and complete the Law. The Law takes effect on the day following promulgations except for III, which goes into force on January 1, 1936. Nuremberg, September 15, 1935 at the Reich Party Congress of Freedom.
The Nuremberg Laws were laws that excluded the Jews from German life, as well as took away some of their natural rights. They were first declared at the annual Nazi rally held in Nuremberg in 1935. At that rally, Hitler delivered a speech about the Jewish controversy to unite party activists and state officials to deal with the Jewish issue. On September 15, 1935 the laws were approved. They were passed by the Reichstag.
Propaganda was used during the war between Germany, America, and Japan. They used propaganda so their citizens would support their country during World War II. Propaganda is a form of information that is usually biased toward certain races or individuals to spread a certain view of them. Some forms of propaganda were news reports, movies, posters, and books. One of the most famous people who used propaganda was Adolf Hitler. He was responsible for the death of many Jewish people during World War II. Hitler made his citizens believe what he was doing was right. He was very good at keeping the Nazi death camps secret to the people of Germany and the world. He used propaganda to discriminate against people who weren't of German blood. He made the Jews the enemy. He deceived the people of Germany into thinking what he was doing was good.
Otto Frank was born of May 12, 1889. He has two brothers and a sister. He had a friend that helped them out during this time, her name was Miep Gies. Miep Gies described Otto as the calm one, very smart and logical, balanced everything out, and always in charge. She described him as a leader and when a decision had to be made all eyes turned to him. He was the only Frank to survive during that time.
Edith Hollãnder was born in Aachen January 16, 1900. She has two older brothers and one older sister. Her family were leading of the Aachen Jewish community. Otto Frank talked much about how overall she was an excellent mother who went to any lengths for her children. But he also said he was concerned that Edith never really understood Anne and that she would complain that Anne was against everything. He believed that Edith suffered more from this hiding expierence than Anne.
Margot was Anne's older sister. She is three years older than Anne. She is very tidy, quiet, and gets good grades in school. Miep Gies said that no one really had a relationship with her. "She was there, and that was all". Anne described Margot as a very quiet person too. They had very few fights in the secret Annex. But sometimes got along well and talked about things.
Peter Van Pel
Peter van Pel was born on November 8, 1926, in Osnabrück, Germany. He was Auguste and Hermann van Pel's son. During the war, he was sent to Auschwitz and survived the selection. He died on May 10, 1945 in a concentration camp in Austria. He was also Anne's love interest since there was no other boy she knew about.