Sudan By: Blaine Henretty

This presentation will show you all five themes of geography in Sudan including Location, Place, Human-Environment Interaction, Region, and Movement. This will also include some current events and a travel brochure.

Location is the position of a country on the Earth's Surface (Absolute/Relative).

Relative Location- North of South Sudan, West of Eritrea, East of Chad, and South of Egypt.

The capital of Sudan is Khartoum. The exact location of Khartoum is 15.5007° N, 32.5599° E
Sudan is a country located on Africa.

Some interesting landforms in Sudan include:

  • The Sudd- Over 20,000 square miles of swamp/wetland.
  • Mountains- Isolate mountain ranges lend the topography of Sudan its most impressive relief. These include the Jebel Marra (in the Marra Mountains), 10,456-foot Mount Kinyeti (in the Imatong Range)
  • Deserts- Most of Sudan lies in the Sahara desert which is the largest desert in the world but there are also other deserts in Sudan. Like the Libyan Desert in the west and the Nubian Desert in the northeast.
Sudan has a tropical climate. Summer temperatures often exceed to about 110 degrees Fahrenheit in the desert zones, and rainfall is negligible. High temperatures also occur in the south throughout the central plains region, but the humidity is generally low.
The Nile is a major north-flowing river in northeastern Africa. It is generally regarded as the longest river in the world, however other conflicting sources cite a 2007 study that gave the title to the Amazon River in South America.
Place is an area that is defined by everything in it.
Petroleum is Sudan's major natural resource. The country also has significant deposits of chromium ore, copper, iron ore, mica, silver, gold, tungsten, and zinc
Many of Sudan’s people consider themselves as Arabs rather than Africans. Arabic is the official national language. However, Sudanese people often have both Arab and African ancestry.
In Sudan the three main religions are Islam (96%), African Traditional Religion (1.5%) Christianity (1.5%)
Holidays in Sudan include Mawlid an-Nabi, Sham Al Nasim the Spring Holiday, Eid al-Adha, and Sufi Holiya Festival

Sudan has 3 part government system:

  • Presidential System- a system of government where a head of government is also head of state and leads an executive branch that is separate from the legislative branch.
  • Federal Republic- a type of government made up of smaller areas such as states or provinces where the central government cedes certain powers to the individual areas for self-government purposes. The citizens of the federal republic elect their own representatives to lead them.
  • Representative Democracy- a type of democracy founded on the principle of elected officials representing a group of people, as opposed to direct democracy.
Human-Environment Interaction is the way people change their environment and how the environment changes them.
Crops grown in Sudan include wheat, sorghum, millet, corn, rice, oil-seeds, beans, chickpeas, cotton, sisal hemp, and fodder crops.
Most jobs are in souks/markets in Sudan
Endangered Species in Sudan are Addax, Burton's Gerbil, Chimpanzee, Dama Gazzelle, Water Shrew, Grevy's Zebra, Wild dog, Nubian Ibex, and Slender-Horned Gazzelle
Environmental problems in Sudan are poverty, drought, desertification, loss of biodiversity, floods, tribal and ethnic group conflict, ad deforestation.
Region is an area of land that has common features
Sudans school system includes pre-primary, primary, and secondary. Secondary includes a 3 year program which is for the higher educated student and a 4 year program.

The population of Sudan is 41,175,723 and the population density is 19.1 people per squared kelometers. The area of Sudan is 718,723 square miles.

Sudan's per capital GPD is 1,752.38 USD

The life expectancy for males in Sudan is 62 years old and for females it is 65 years old.

The literacy rate in the country 70.2%

Sudan is tropical in the South and desert in the north.

Movement is the way people, products, information, and ideas are moved.
Imported goods are foodstuffs, manufactured goods, medicines, chemicals, textiles, and wheat. Exported goods are oil, petroleum, cotton, sesame, live stock, groundnuts and sugar.

Sudan gained its independence from Great Britain in 1956.

Water turbines, solar panels, ceramic water filter, and battery charging donkey carts.
Ways of transportation in Sudan include buses, taxis, rental cars and trains. The people of Sudan communicate using phones, communication cables, and the internet

Current events

Sudans president Omar al-Bashir is wanted by the ICC for war crimes
London-educated scholar who built Africa's first Islamic state and turned Khartoum into a hub for terrorists from Osama bin Laden to Carlos the Jackal
This is Sudans capital is Khartoum
This is the people Sudan celebrating at a festival
You can take yours in Sudan on buses like this


Created with images by Free Grunge Textures - - "Sudan Grunge Flag" • D-Stanley - "Jebel Barkal" • D-Stanley - "Republican Palace Museum" • pedrosimoes7 - "Lamp artifact at the Atelier of a Sudanese Painter" • D-Stanley - "St. Matthew's Cathedral" • Christopher.Michel - "Khartoum, Sudan" • WikiImages - "africa continent aerial view" • Jorge Lascar - "Feluccas and The Nile at sunset" • James St. John - "Crude oil-filled concretion (near Neota, Illinois, USA) 2" • Pexels - "abstract antique art" • James St. John - "Anyolite (corundum-amphibole zoisitite) (Neoproterozoic; Mundarara Mine, about 27 km west of Longido, northeastern Tanzania)" • lovelybead - "pendant_copper_004" • James St. John - "Tarnished silver (Norway) 2" • belgianchocolate - "Shoebill stork" • Rennett Stowe - "Nubian Ibex" • Just chaos - "Sudan Golden Sparrow" • L.C.Nøttaasen - "Colorful Old Oil Barrels" • Stein Ove Korneliussen - "Taxi" • Jorge Lascar - "Tuk tuk"

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