Culture of War- Vietnam Created By Jake Muniz

Values/Beliefs

The Vietnam War was during lots of civil rights movement and also in an anti-war time period and movement. Protests of anti-war occurred in many universities, suburbs, and labor unions. 18 year old kids were taken or drafted from their homes and thrown on the frontlines of war. families were divided, loved ones were lost, and economical issues occurred. It was clear that the U.S. citizens certainly did not want a war.

Tactics

One of the biggest reasons the U.S. Lost the Vietnam war was because of the Vietnamese tactic of guerrila warfare. Guerrilla warfare is using nature to hid or surprise the enemy. On the other hand the U.S. used a search and destroy tatic where squadrons with 5-10 soldiers would search the area for enemy soldiers.

Home front

Americans all around the U.S. were strongly against Vietnam and protested often. Citizens thought of the war as unnecessary and dangerous. Americans also saw the draft as morally wrong and unfair. People thought that 18 year old kids should not be thrown on the front lines to die. Also many of America thought the U.S. should not have intervened with Vietnamese affairs.

Music

Americans all around the U.S. were strongly against Vietnam and protested often. Citizens thought of the war as unnecessary and dangerous. Americans also saw the draft as morally wrong and unfair. People thought that 18 year old kids should not be thrown on the front lines to die. Also many of America thought the U.S. should not have intervened with Vietnamese affairs.

Propaganda

The US Propaganda in the Vietnam war was President Eisenhower's "Domino Theory" which gave justification for the US to provide support in Vietnam. The theory was that communism was in south Vietnam and that the U.S. needed to stop it before communism spreads throughout Asia. This theory gave the U.S. and excuse to join the war and fight.

Protests

The Anti-War movement in the U.S. started in college campuses but gained national popularity in 1965 after the U.S. started bombing the northern region of Vietnam. Protests and marches were started up by college students called the students democratic society (SDS). The SDS would gain lots off popularity in the next 3 years.

Media

The Media coverage during the Vietnam war often showed the casualties of the war and the sadness of losing loved ones in war. The media showed the cons of the war to build up support against war and to get citizens aware of what events were taking place. The media also covered the huge protests that would be played on the tv across the U.S.

Economics

The debt from the Vietnam war was over $200 Billion. During the war major industries and producers had to focus their attention to the Militaries demands and wishes, this brought down the economy in the U.S because all the companies were focused on the war and the Military.

Government/ Foreign Policy

The Vietnam war caused many changes in Foreign Policy in the U.S. After the war the U.S. eliminated the draft and switched to an all-volunteer army. The war also changed the way the U.S. handled other countries problems, the U.S. would now be more conservative. Finally the war caused questioning and trust issues in the U.S. government and it's officials.

The Draft

About 1/3 of the American soldiers in the Vietnam war were drafted into the war. A citizen could be drafted into war if they were boy and at least 18 years old. People could avoid the draft was if they went to college or would even inure themselves. People would do anything to get out of going to war. The Draft started many protests and rallies because no family wanted to lose a loved one due to the war and draft.

Family Roles

The Vietnam war would divide families and change the roles of the family members. Families would often lose the father towards the war and would force the mother to provide and protect her family more. Due to the war mothers would sometimes get two jobs to get enough money for her family. Kids in the family would be forced to provide as well, kids would find labor to provide money for the family.

Re-Integration into Society

After a long 20 years of nonstop fighting and action soldiers were finally coming home and back into society in 1975. Soldiers who were men came home to wives, family and children. It was tough because soldiers missed many memories and events with their families. Also many soldiers suffered PTSD which made it very hard for soldiers to feel safe and relaxed, this sometimes lead to suicide.

Purpose

The U.S, believed that communism was rising in southern Vietnam and that it would spread throughout Asia. President Eisenhower believed that if there was strong communism in Vietnam then other Asia countries would fall like "dominos" and join and spread communism throughout Asia.

Race Equality

African Americans and Whites would unite during the war for peace. Protests and rallies for peace took place all the time where all types and races of people would unite in protest for peace. Also races were split in the military, all African American squadrons were made and all white squadrons too.

Created By
Jacob Muniz
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Created with images by wolfsavard - "flags"

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