Cadence Thakur & Hermine Brintet
Chloe Pangas, Samantha Pressman, Daniel Pressman, Aisha Philippe, Maia Vitkovic, Ellise Waller, Mme Marie-Helene Fevre
Chief Layout and Design
Layout and Design
Ellise Waller, Marie Ducruet, Oscar Byrne
Sylvie Bartusek, Nour Ben Ltaifa, Alexandra Bodelle, Oscar Byrne, Yanis Caillaud, Marie Ducruet, Alexei Kaloshin, Juliette Lassus, Lucie Merlet, Isabelle Navolio, Annabelle Piot, Alys Shah
Team Leader & Faculty Advisor
Ariana Adabi, Ms. Erin Finney
- Cover photograph by Andrea Verdejo, Tiana Yaneva, Sara Tapias 6e
- Cover artwork by Claire Beresovski 2e
- Special thanks to Mme Henriette Angoulvant, art teacher
Ouverture internationale ou repli sur soi : où en est l’Amérique ?
M. Hervé Brunaud
Jamais cette question ne s’est posée avec autant d’acuité qu’aux États-Unis à l’heure actuelle. L’histoire du pays a été marquée par des périodes de repli à l’intérieur de ses frontières, suivies de phases d’ouverture, il s’agit là d’une constante de l’histoire des États-Unis. ll semble qu’avec l’arrivée du président Trump aux affaires, le pays entame un cycle plutôt caractérisé par le repli sur soi : les États-Unis ont décidé de se retirer de certaines organisations ou accords internationaux (L’UNESCO, un pacte mondial de l’Organisation des Nations unies pour la gestion internationale des migrants et réfugiés, la COP 21, le conseil des droits de l’Homme de l’ONU, l’accord de Vienne sur le nucléaire iranien), ces décisions traduisent un revirement certain par rapport aux schémas et lignes directrices mis en place sous la présidence de B. Obama.
Ces questions suscitent un vaste débat aux États-Unis. Dans ce pays qui s’est construit sur des vagues d’immigration successives, la stratégie du repli sur soi ne fait pas l’unanimité.
Mais quoi qu’il en soit elle impacte fortement l’ensemble du continent américain : l’Oncle Sam est au coeur d’un vaste et complexe réseau de migrations de population, d’échanges commerciaux, de coopération sur la plan de la sécurité ; aussi, le nouveau cap fixé par le président Trump et les décisions qu’il a prises depuis son élection, suscitent des interrogations et des inquiétudes fortes sur l’ensemble du continent américain.
Cette question est donc centrale, et met en lumière des contradictions majeures. Pendant que les États-Unis entament ce repli sur eux-mêmes, d’autres pays revendiquent l’ouverture ou y aspirent : la Colombie, suite aux accords de paix (même si ceux-ci tardent à être véritablement appliqués), le Mexique pour renforcer son développement, le Brésil pour asseoir son ancrage dans l’économie mondiale (le nouveau président brésilien, tout récemment élu, a d’ailleurs assuré qu’il souhaitait renforcer l’ouverture aux échanges de son pays).
Ainsi, ce ne sont donc pas seulement les États-Unis qui illustrent les enjeux au coeur de cette problématique essentielle, mais bien tout le continent américain, tiraillé entre les dynamiques opposées de l’ouverture et du repli.
- artwork by Yanis Caillaud Tle
Suppression du statut DACA par l’administration Trump
Noor-Elise Kamaruzzaman, Tle
Le 5 septembre 2017, le procureur général des États-Unis Jeff Sessions et le président Donald Trump annonçaient que le statut DACA (« Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals » ; en français, Action Différée pour les Arrivées d’Enfants) était en cours d’annulation. Ainsi, tout nouveau demandeur du statut est refusé et les bénéficiaires actuels ne peuvent plus le renouveler. Le Congrès américain a jusqu’au mois de mars pour trouver un accord, après quoi, si aucune solution n’est trouvée, la déportation de près de 800 000 individus sera ordonnée.
Cette annonce a provoqué une vague d’indignation et de manifestations. En effet, le statut DACA mis en place en juin 2012 sous la présidence d’Obama en réponse aux problèmes causés par l’immigration illégale (qui touche notamment les états du Texas et de la Californie) proposait un statut particulier aux enfants d’immigrés illégaux, leur garantissant une protection contre la déportation et un permis de travail, considérant qu’ils sont arrivés en territoire américain non pas de leur plein gré mais par la décision de leurs parents.
Pourquoi supprimer un tel dispositif ? Les raisons sont multiples. L’actuel président Trump conteste beaucoup d’éléments relevant de ‘l’héritage’ de l’administration Obama. Jeff Sessions a déclaré publiquement que les bénéficiaires du DACA étaient des hors-la-loi. Leur présence affecterait négativement les salaires et les emplois des citoyens américains et nuirait à l’économie américaine. De plus, ce statut ne ferait qu’augmenter le nombre de mineurs non accompagnés arrivant aux États-Unis. Donald Trump lui-même affirme que selon la plupart des «meilleurs experts en la matière», le statut DACA est anticonstitutionnel.
Cependant, ces allégations sont discutées. La majorité des économistes maintiennent que le statut DACA apporte à l’économie américaine. En effet, il encouragerait ses bénéficiaires à poursuivre leurs études et leur formation, leur donnant ainsi accès à des emplois plus qualifiés. Le nombre de bénéficiaires du statut DACA à avoir officiellement postulé pour obtenir un emploi est estimé entre 50 000 et 70 000. Dans ces conditions, on peut penser que plus les enfants bénéficiaires du statut DACA ont les moyens de s’intégrer socialement et économiquement dans la société nord-américaine, plus leur contribution, à l’âge adulte, sera comparable à celle de n’importe quel citoyen américain. Point positif pour l’économie nationale.
De plus, l’idée que les citoyens américains se voient voler leurs emplois et soient les victimes de l’attention portée aux enfants d’immigrés n’est pas fondée. Les immigrés en tant que consommateurs ou jeunes entrepreneurs peuvent créer des emplois : soit en créant leur propre entreprise (nécessitant ainsi de la main-d’œuvre ou des services locaux), soit en augmentant la demande de biens et de services dans le commerce (nécessitant ainsi l’augmentation de la main-d’œuvre dans ces magasins). Donc, l’impact négatif du DACA est discutable.
Aujourd’hui, le président Trump se dit prêt à écouter les arguments des uns et des autres, même ceux des Démocrates, avant de prendre une décision et de présenter un nouveau texte. Au vu des capacités d’écoute dont il fait habituellement preuve, il semble que le sort des enfants d’immigrés illégaux reste incertain...
- Art obtenu avec l’aimable autorisation de l’auteur Matt Wuerker
Alexia Bernhardt-Lanier Tle
Empowered. Creative. Resourceful. Caring. These qualities describe what Rochambeau Changemakers have in common despite their diverse interests, social circles, and nationalities. Rochambeau Changemakers (RC) is a student-led platform that enhances student engagement within and outside our community.
These days, in our polarized and uncertain world, helping young people see themselves as powerful agents of social change is more important than ever. With the generous support of Rochambeau staff and parents, RC encourages and celebrates youth-led actions that make a positive social impact.
Here are a few students among many whom I would like to recognize:
Première student, Nour Ben Ltaifa, exhibits not only an energetic spirit but also impressive diligence in her role as one of the Peer Tutoring leaders. With Charles Mateos Y Lago and Karl Abdelnour, team leaders also, Nour helps recruit tutors and on her own initiative concocted study sheets for tutors when helping Troisième students review for the Brevet.
Terminale student, Beatrice Jeffries, uses her leadership and public speaking skills to create safe spaces during Bridge Builders workshops. Bridge Builders aims to build understanding in the multinational Rochambeau student community by fostering dialogue about important topics through experiential activities, workshops, and videos.
Ana Djordjijevic, Bliss Bagnato-Conlin, Laura Latendresse, and Kenza Ammar helped organize Mindfulness Week, through GirlsRising!, an initiative designed to help girls gain self-confidence, manage their stress effectively, and feel empowered in mind, body, and spirit. These RC leaders planned activities such as Mindful Doodling, Zumba classes, outdoor yoga, and guest speakers to promote a healthy mindset in the Rochambeau community.
Troisieme students, Nora Shah, Chloe Pangas, Celine Bernhardt-Lanier, and Henriette-Marie Diagne organized Kindness Week in the collège last year, through GirlsRising!. With theme days such as “Thank You Thursday,” they promoted gratitude and positivity. Only fourteen, these strong girls demonstrated poise and confidence, key leadership qualities.
Terminale students, Remi Hensel and Cadence Thakur, run the TedTalk program for high school students. Thanks to their initiative students view then discuss inspiring and thought-provoking educational TedTalks. Remi and Cadence also keep students abreast of potential community service opportunities
Every year, troisième student, Celine Bernhardt-Lanier, organizes a Toiletry Drive with CM2 classes. Her encouraging spirit motivates fifth-grade students to participate in this fun competition that benefits homeless people through Bethesda Cares, a local non-profit organization.
Join me in celebrating these dedicated teenagers as well as all the other Rochambeau Changemakers who lead with passion, think creatively, and make a difference collectively.
Interested in joining our movement?
12 years (don’t worry—the time flies by in a flash!)
One 63 inch smart cookie (talks, walks, plays, and is not edible!)
- 2 ½ cups all-purpose common sense
- 2 tablespoons nonfat compassion
- 1 teaspoon persistence
- 3 pinches colourful dresses
- ¾ cup granulated puppy love
- 4 ½ ounces long raven tresses
- 5 tablespoons unsalted dancing technique
- 2 large brown eyes
- 1 teaspoon creative drawing extract
- 12-ounce bag engrossing books
I am writing this letter to make sure you don't lose sight of what you wanted to do when you were 15 years old. I think you should remember the ambitions you've had since you were very young: dancing in international companies such as La Scala de Milan, the American Ballet Theatre, the New York City Ballet, the Royal Ballet of London, the Opéra de Vienne—you've always wanted to be a professional ballet dancer. Travelling all over the world has always been part of your plan. You wanted to live in big European cities, such as Paris, London, Amsterdam or Berlin. I hope you're still thinking along the same lines when you read this now.
Even though you've never really wanted to have a family, if it is what you want to do now, I encourage you to do so. Keep in mind that taking care of children is a big responsibility and that you’ll need to make many sacrifices, especially as a ballet dancer. It could destroy your career, but if that's what you really want, I know you can do it. I still want you to find the love of your life, and if you haven't found that person, keep looking!
Second, I hope you succeeded in accomplishing your goals. And if you didn't, you could still try, or maybe focus on something else, such as working as a journalist or a photographer. However, if you did succeed, I hope you can continue to work with ballet dancers as a choreographer. It has always interested you and you've always been very creative, so finding inspiration should not be a problem. If it is, try to explore your mind as you've often done and you should find something.
Finally, keep being gritty; it has always been a good thing for you. Keep your goals in mind, and please try your best at accomplishing them. Wherever you are and whatever you're doing, be happy with what you do. Don’t worry about what others think of you and be yourself.
Anyway, I wish you a good and happy life.
Hopeful and optimistic, I am writing this letter so that when you read this, you’ll remember who you were and which path led you to be where you are today. I don’t really know what to expect. I don’t know who you are today, if you have achieved our goals, if you have changed your mind about what we once thought, if you are as happy as today, or more... or less...
As of today, I have set goals for us, but they are not yet concrete. Of course by the time you read this letter, I hope that you won’t have given up on our dreams. Today, we are interested in aerospace, but also in sports like soccer. Will these hobbies change? Will your job be in areas that I enjoy right now? Or will you be one of those adults who has become bitter because he was forced to give up after being told their dreams were stupid and impracticable?
Prospectively, I hope that your job in Arianespace is going well and that you are maintaining good relationships with your co-workers. You’ve always thought money was important to live a prosperous life but that it’s even more important to be happy and be kind to others. You have to feel like you are doing the right thing and not forcing yourself to do it. You have to realize not only how lucky you are to be where you stand in the present, but also how capable you are of going further in the future too! Living your life, you must not forget who you were as a kid, and what you believed in.
I hope that by now you have increased your strengths, skills and abilities in communication, reflection, and logic because I believe these are some of your best gifts. They will help you enjoy life with your wife and children, a beautiful mansion with a view of the ocean, and any type of car you could ever want. I also pray that you will have worked on improving your flaws, such as the lack of patience Mum always blamed you for.
Last but not least, I wish that you never forget your dreams, no matter how much people might laugh at them, no matter how many times people tell you that they are unrealistic: walk your own path! You’ve always been different. Use that to be someone you want to be, not someone others want you to be. Don’t give up! Anything is possible with hard work and dedication. Above all, don’t forget to spread love to your relatives and friends. They are what is most important to you and you don’t want to lose them. Make the most of your life—you only live once!
What you are reading at this very moment is a letter I wrote a long time ago, for you, or rather myself, to be read in the future. So far, things are going pretty well. School isn’t too hard, and friends and family are doing fine, even though I still do not know exactly what I want to do in the future.
Since it was my default career choice, I believe you became a journalist. No matter what company you’re working for, or if you’re an independent journalist, I hope you’re traveling to a lot of different places with your family or with your good old friends. Remember them? It has been a long time since I last saw them, so I hope you’re still in touch, but I digress.
Remember to keep close contact with your family as well. And by “your family,” I mean both your parents and siblings, and, of course, your wife, or your husband (who knows), and kids. Regularly, remember to send a letter to whomever is far away; it never hurts!
But you know what’s bugging me the most? It’s neither knowing what I am going to look like nor where I am going to live, but rather imagining the names I will give my cats. Seriously, I’m not kidding at all! You know cats are a big deal to me. And even though I do have an idea of what I would name them right now, I might change my mind in the future. But anyway, let’s quit joking around. Make sure you take care of your little fuzzy comrade as it will always support you even when you’re at your lowest point. Or maybe you don’t want a pet whatsoever, to which I respond that you should question yourself.
Last but not least, your gap year. Does that ring a bell? Impatient though serene, I am looking forward to this event! I wonder how yours went, even though it’s quite paradoxical. Discovering exotic landscapes and foreign cultures, I hope you’ve made an unforgettable journey across Asia and that it has taught you and your friends a lot. I am more than certain that it has been a source of inspiration throughout your life. Now keep up the good work, and remember to always thank the bus driver!
Your good old self,
Greetings! My name is Jeff, and I’m you! You can probably guess that this isn’t the kind of letter you were expecting. Well, that’s kind of inconvenient huh. I’m going to give it my all not to make this weird.. Second chances? Here we go again.
So I’m Jeff, and I’m writing to you, my future self. I suppose I’m a young adult, but let’s keep it simple. I’m 16, I love DBZ, books, sports, video games, friends, parties… the usual stuff. But for real, I can’t keep myself from thinking that there’s more to life than that. The discoveries, the knowledge.. ah, the knowledge! It could be said that knowledge is somewhat man’s most insufficient and infinite resource. You can’t get enough of it. At this point, you probably know where this is heading... Astronomy. Astronauts. A universe full of mysteries almost begging to be conquered by us, the passionates ones. Man, really hope that you made our parents proud by fulfilling your dreams and becoming the man you were always meant to be, I mean I, you, we? You know what I mean.
You’ll probably be laughing about what I'm about to say, but from here on out, I hope I get good grades, so I can get my diploma, a terrific PhD, enter NASA, become an astronaut, and finally make myself a father of two: a boy and a girl. If you’re really me, you would definitely Skype your children from space and show them the universe, even if it costs like 2 millions dollars an hour because you would do anything for them.
You know, it’s kind of cool, terrifying, but still cool, knowing that one day you’ll be reading this, and the outcome of my future is anyone’s guess. I mean, being an astronaut is cool and all, but living the life is great as well. Oh, who am I to question life? I’ve got 16 years of experience! I might as well end up a sucker. Hey, me 20 years from now, hopefully you’re no sucker.
Oh wow, quite a long letter you have there. Hope you’re still reading this, and, if so, please give yourself a pat on the back. Well, this is pretty much it. Wait, what if you wrote a letter to your future self? You know what, you have plenty of time to think about it (20 years to be precise!)
- Artwork by Oscar Byrne 1e
Razan Mikdashi Tle
Coffee or Tea?
I’m more of a coffee person myself. Yet, I have to give it to tea lovers: I can’t help but feel guilty as I drink up all of the extra sugar which coffee shops and cafés put in their drinks. But guess what? I’m not the only one. So throw away those abandoned packets of Splenda and your guilty-pleasure sugar stash because a new augmented reality flavor startup has created a coffee lid that tricks your tongue into tasting sugar when there is not a single gram of it in your drink!
Nine months ago, a highly technical college startup competition compelled students Sara Du and Simon Zirui Guo, both coffee devotees, to found Sweetbud, a programmable coffee cup lid, the first of its kind on the market allowing consumers to limit their sugar intake by imitating the taste of sugar. By creating a product using new technology, Du and Guo exemplify the ingenuity and creativity of today’s young entrepreneurs. In addition to the recognition they have received for their innovative spirit, those two have the support of the entire medical field. By downgrading artificial sweeteners, a noxious attempt by companies to replace sugar with chemical substances with undesirable side effects, the startup ultimately aims to steer North American food culture in a healthier direction as they look to embrace the coffee lifestyle without the addition of extra sugars.
But how does it work? The coffee cup lid simulates the taste of sugar using non-invasive electrical currents that stimulate the taste buds on your tongue, tricking your brain into believing you’re tasting something sweet. Sweetbud pairs with the mobile app to help users calibrate the lid, find their desired intensity of sweetness, and track how much sugar one has ‘saved’ by using the lid. It can be installed on almost all coffee cups, from Tim Hortons or Starbucks. Antibacterial, waterproof, and rechargeable, Sweetbud embodies the power of amazing innovations and could potentially change how we interact with food and beverages through technology available to us.
Using synthesized sweetener, you’ll never have to worry about too much sugar in your cup again!
- Artwork by Marie Ducruet 1e