Plane Crash In Abuja, Nigeria By: Jordan Scott; a savanna/rainforest suvivor

Learning Target:

I can demonstrate how to solve food challenges in our local and global communities through subsistence farming.

Driving Question:

How can we as Coleman Middle School students demonstrate how to solve food challenges in our local and global communities?

Overview

In the 21st century there are several individuals in communities and globally that struggle to have a hot meal every day.

In a community financial challenges may allow individuals not to have a meal,

While on a global basis environmental issues such as deforestation, desertification, lack of water and water pollution may also be a challenge for the citizens of a country in growing crops for food.

Lack of food can result in malnutrition that can finally lead to death.

It is said ‘give a man a fish and you feed him for a day; teach a man to fish and you feed him for a lifetime”

The Survival Vegetable

SWEET POTATOES
BELL PEPPERS
SORGHUM

Sweet potato facts aNd planting

It takes about 90 to 170 days to grow sweet potatoes. They must be planted in 6 inch deep holes and 12 inches apart. I chose this plant because of it's nutritional value and the fact that when you harvest the plant you don't get five potatoes, you get about ten to fifteen per plant. This way, you have a lot of food just from sweet potatoes. To grow sweet potatoes as I said before, you plant them six inches deep and twelve inches apart.

When panting in a dry warm place were the sun is shining, cover the pant with a pot for three days to protect from the baking sun of the Savannah. This allows the pant to stay somewhat most in cool. Sweet potatoes were made to grow in poor soil so only adding a little fertilizer is all the plant needs. Keep the potatoes watered and in dry places make sure they get a lot of water.

You harvest the plant when the end of the leaves turn a yellowish color. Dig around an 18 inch diameter so you don't damage the potatoes. Pick the potatoes from the stem and then DON'T wash or eat it. You have to cure them by leaving them lying on a table in the shade(make sure they aren't touching one another). This give the potato a sweet taste. You can store them by wrapping the in newspaper and burying under ground. The potato harvest should Lat five to six months.

Ready to eat!

Bell Pepper Facts

I chose bell peppers because of the amount of vitamin c the in each averaged sized pepper. About 160% of the pepper is vitamin c. Now you might be wondering why vitamin c is so important. Well vitamin c is actually the reason why wounds and scratches and bruises on our body heal. Also, vitamin c acts as antioxidant which is what protects our body from harmful molecules and cells that try to take the energy from our cells to make themselves stable so they can reproduce therefore causing are bodies harm. This happens when we are making energy from the food we eat (thanks mitochondria)!

PlantIng and harvesting

When you plant bell peppers plant them in pots with three to a pot. Then you prepare your garden by adding fertilizer and making sure that it is most. This could be a problem considering you are in the Savannah. Then, transplant the bell pepper seedlings to the garden but make sure to plant the 18-25 inches apart but don't separate the groups of three. The soil should somewhat dry but not completely. Use mulch to maintain moisture. Set up wire cages to support the plants so the don't tip over.

Harvest as soon as peppers have reached desired size. The bigger they are the more rich they are in vitamin c and sweet flavor. Water 1 to 2 inches of water per week for the next 6 weeks. They will begin to grow peppers after the sixth week. When harvesting use scissors to curt the stem so there is little damage done to the plant. You store them by freezing them. One challenge of growing in the Savannah is that bell peppers may stop growing in hot temperatures but will continue when it gets cooler.

Tasty, Nutritios, Bell Peppers

SORGHum facts

Sorghum is a type of grain in the grass family that can be used as a cereal or spice of food for that matter. I chose this plant because native people that live in Africa grow this as a source of food that they supply their family with. It is dry so it can be stored easily. This plant will just in general be smart to grow because if I happen to fun into natives, they actually show their way of growing this food.

Planting and harvesting

Sow seeds one-half inch deep and 4 inches apart, and thin to 8 inches apart when the seedlings are 4 inches tall. Keep weeds under control until the plant is big enough to take control of it's space. After six weeks from planting, drench the sorghum in high-nitrogen liquid water to enhance growing. It takes 60-100 days to grow sorghum.

To find out when ripe, prick a kernel with a needle. If it oozes a milk like juice than cut off canes at ground level and strip the leaves off. You can also harvest grain sorghum by cutting off the seed clusters with a few inches of stalk attached, and dry them in a warm, well-ventilated place for at least a week. Roll the dried seed heads over a hardware cloth screen to free the seeds, and then winnow out plant debris and store your processed harvest in the freezer.

Cooked to perfection

Possible Ethingic group encountErs

During my little plane crash in Abuja, Nigeria, I might encounter the Bantu or the Eastern Bantoid. To get food, Bantu women grow crops and men go hunting for food. Then Bantu practice Christianity and Islam. Their diet consisted of sweet potatoes, corn, beans, bananas, millet and kaffir corn and sorghum.

Math

In math, we launched the project by going outside to the other side of the outdoor classroom to measure the length and width of the garden planters. Then we were given a packet to record it onto and then for the first part of the packet we had to use that information to answer questions about questions about volume and area that was about just one of the big planters. Part two was about finding the cost of items to grow plants. We had to use ratios and proportions to solve problems and find the cost. During the math portion of this PBL I also learned how to use proportions to calculate the cost of an item.

Science

Part One

In part one of science we had to grow radishes and this was to demonstrate the the challenges of taking care of a plant. So challenges we had to face were that we didn't know how much water was good for the radish so it was just a guessing game. I would say that growing the radishes was fairly easy because the radish seemed to grow very fast and our rout must have seen doing things right because our radish started to lean over. This was the radish was growing wide, not up. But it did die over thanksgiving break. I would relate to solving food challenges because growing a plant may seem easy but it takes time and care and some people aren't will to do that so there isn't any food to feed there families.

Part two

The graph of growth

Part three

Photosynthesis is important to plants because it is what gives the plants their food. Without it the plant would die because it has no energy. Also when we're doing the radish lab, we had different types of light which was green, red, and blue. There was also a white light but we'll get to that later. The red and blue light helped the plant or grow the fastest because that is the color that the plant reflects more of. The green wasn't shouldn't have worked because plants can't reflect that light. They actually made themselves Lea. Toward to white light and they grew well from that. I think that we can increase the rate of growth by combining blue and red light and giving it less water.

How can we as Coleman Middle School students demonstrate how to solve food challenges in our local and global communities?

As Coleman middle school students we can demonstrate this by:

-building gardens

-growing food ourselves and giving it away

-showing people with food how to grow from so can feed hupimself for a lifetime

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