Old Papyrus Boats
One of the first Egyptian boats were made of papyrus. First seen in 4000 B.C, these boats were small, easy to make and ideal for fishing trips and short trips to other sides of the nile. Since these were easy to make, if it broke or needed replacement, it would be cheap to get another replacement boat. However one downside is that lots of papyrus was needed to make a boat which could have been used to make paper or other structures.
Standard Wooden Boats
In 3000 B.C, the first wooden boat came out with cotton sails and the boat made of acacia wood found in Egypt and cedar wood from Lebanon. The good thing about this is that now the boat can carry more people and cargo, repairs aren't needed as much and also boat rides would be cheaper. Along with the improvement of the wooden boat, more types of boats were opened up.
Merchant ( Cargo ) Boats
These cargo ships, or merchant boats, held goods to transport between each side of Egypt and also could carry the 500 ton stone bricks used to build the pyramid! That was pretty cool considering that it was so long ago.
Back then, the Egyptians believed that to get to the afterlife, you would need a boat to get you there. If you were wealthy enough, a full scale boat would be placed in the boat, or if you couldn't afford it, you could just get a model boat instead.
Flax for Mummies
The artifact flax was used in all aspects of the Egyptian civilization, in areas including clothes and sails for a boat, and mummification. Flax is planted as seeds next to the Nile River, and there are many steps in the process of growing them tall. Firstly, by planting the seeds close together, they will grow taller and more healthy. The finest or “royale linen” was produced from the younger flax plants, which were pulled out of the ground before the seeds sprouted from the top of the plant. Known as the “land of linen”, linen was used in Egyptian mummification. In mummification, the dead were wrapped with linen cloth, to prepare their journey to the Afterlife. As the Egyptians had a social scale, different grades of cloth were used for different social classes. The best quality linen, when the weave is finer, is used for those higher in the social hierarchy. Sometimes as much as 300 yards of cloth was used to wrap one mummy.