Section 5 reform&3rd party movement. Mariah m

Progressive Era Reforms-

Definition: A period of widespread social activism & political reform across the U.S from the 1890's to the 1920's

Initiative-

Defintion: Ability to assess & initiate things independently

Referendum-

Definition: A general vote by the electorate on a single political question that has been referred to them for a direct decision.

Recall-

Definition: A procedure by which voters can remove an elected official from office through a direct vote before their term has ended.

16th Amendment (Feb, 13, 1913

Definition: An important amendment that allows the federal (United States) government to levy (collect) an income tax from all Americans.

17th Amendment ( April 8, 1913)

Definition: It established the popular election of United States Senators by the people of the states.

18th Amendment ( Jan 16, 1919)

Definition:Was the prohibition of alcoholic beverages in the United States by declaring the production, transport, and sale of alcohol illegal.

19th Amendment ( Aug 18, 1920)

Definition: It gave women the right to vote.

Upton Sinclair ( Sept 20, 1878)

Definition: An American writer who wrote nearly 100 books and other works in several genres. Sinclair's work was well-known and popular in the first half of the twentieth century, his most popular was "The Jungle".

Susan B. Anthony ( Feb 20, 1820)

Definition: An American social reformer and women's rights activist who played a pivotal role in the women's suffrage movement.

Ida B. Wells ( July 16, 1862)

Definition: An African-American journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist, sociologist, feminist, Georgist, and an early leader in the Civil Rights Movement.

WEB Dubois ( Feb 23, 1868)

Definition: An American sociologist, historian, civil rights activist, Pan-Africanist, author, and editor.

Populist (1892)

Definition- Political program or movement that champions the common person

Progressives

Defintion- Happening or developing gradually or in stages; proceeding step by step

Immigration (1790-2017)

Definition- The action of coming to live permanently in a foreign country.

Social Darwinism (19th century)

Definition- The theory that individuals, groups, and peoples are subject to the same Darwinian laws of natural selection as plants and animals. Now largely discredited, social Darwinism was advocated by Herbert Spencer and others in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and was used to justify political conservatism, imperialism, and racism and to discourage intervention and reform.

Eugenics (1893)

Definition- The science of improving a human population by controlled breeding to increase the occurrence of desirable heritable characteristics. Developed largely by Francis Galton as a method of improving the human race, it fell into disfavor only after the perversion of its doctrines by the Nazis.

Race Relations

Definition- The sociology of race and ethnic relations is the study of social, political, and economic relations between races and ethnicities at all levels of society. This area encompasses the study of racism, residential segregation, and other complex social processes between different racial and ethnic groups.

Nativism (1920's)

Definition- The theory or doctrine that concepts, mental capacities, and mental structures are innate rather than acquired or learned.

Red scare (1917-1920)

Definition- Promotion of fear of a potential rise of communism or radical leftism. In the United States, the First Red Scare was about worker revolution and political radicalism.

Prohibition (1920-1930)

Definition- A nationwide constitutional ban on the production, importation, transportation and sale of alcoholic beverages that remained in place from 1920 to 1930.

Changing role of women (1920's)

Definition- The changing role of women was a result of the work they did during the war. The number of working women increased by 25 per cent. In 1920, all women were given the right to vote. 'Flappers' smoked in public, danced the new dances, and were sexually liberated.

Historic figures

Definition- A historical figure is a famous person in history, such as Alexander the Great, Gandhi, Hirohito, Bismarck, Washington, Napoleon or Mandela. The significance of such figures in human progress has been debated.

Clarence Darrow

Definition- Clarence Seward Darrow was an American lawyer, leading member of the American Civil Liberties Union, and prominent advocate for Georgist economic reform.

William Jennings Bryan

Definition- William Jennings Bryan was an American orator and politician from Nebraska, and a dominant force in the populist wing of the Democratic Party, standing three times as the Party's nominee for President of the United States.

Henry Ford

Definition- An American industrialist, the founder of the Ford Motor Company, and the sponsor of the development of the assembly line technique of mass production.

Glenn Curtiss

Definition- An American aviation pioneer and a founder of the U.S. aircraft industry. He began his career as a bicycle racer and builder before moving on to motorcycles. As early as 1904, he began to manufacture engines for airships.

Marcus Garvey

Definition- An American aviation pioneer and a founder of the U.S. aircraft industry. He began his career as a bicycle racer and builder before moving on to motorcycles. As early as 1904, he began to manufacture engines for airships.

Charles Lindbergh

Definition- American aviator, military officer, author, inventor, explorer, and environmental activist.

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