The First United States Presidents made by: Alexander Cushing

GEORGE WASHINGTON

1st President

President's Character:

  1. Patriotic
  2. Leader
  3. Speaker
  4. Intelligent
  5. Responsible

President's Cabinet:

  1. Secretary of State: Thomas Jefferson
  2. Secretary of Treasury: Alexander Hamilton
  3. Secretary of War: Henry Knox

Judiciary Act of 1789:

This act created three levels of federal courts and defined their powers and relationship to the state courts.

French Revolution of 1789:

A rebellion of French people against their king in 1789.

Whiskey Rebellion of 1791:

In what became known as the Whiskey Rebellion, farmers lashed out against the tax on whiskey.

Neutrality Proclamation of 1793:

This Neutrality Proclamation stated that the United States would not take sides with any European countries that were at war.

Jay's Treaty of 1794:

Jay's Treaty settled the disputes that had arisen between the United States and Great Britain in the early 1790's.

Pinckney's Treaty of 1795:

Pinckney's Treaty, which settled the border and trade disputes with Spain.

Farewell Address of 1796:

Washington decides to write a letter to the public addressing that he doesn't want to run for third term. He warned the public that they should work out their differences and keep in mind of their debt.

John Adams

2nd President

About John Adams:

  • Federalist
  • His VP: Thomas Jefferson
  • Democratic Republican
  • Was there for the Alien and Sedition Acts which was said to protect the United States
  • Created the 12th amendment where there is a separate ballot for president and vice president
  • Worked hard to win the people's trust because everyone loved Washington so much
  • When John Adam's left office, it is believed he packed the Judiciary with Federalists and Marbury asked the new president (Thomas Jefferson) and demanded the documents.

Thomas Jefferson

3rd President

Goals:

  • reduce public debt
  • respect state rights
  • encourage agriculture
  • limited government control of peoples lives

About Thomas Jefferson:

  • 12th Amendment required that the person running against him must become the vice president
  • Marbury demanded documents from him
  • Thomas Jefferson sent Lewis and Clark to explore the Louisiana Purchase that they bought from the French on October 20, 1803.
  • Created the Embargo Act which ended trade with foreign countries.

Louisiana Purchase:

  • Lots of trade in New Orleans using the Ohio river and the Mississippi river
  • Napoleons plan was to send troops to the Caribbean and send troops up north to the Louisiana Purchase area.
  • Napoleon hoped that the British will realize that the United States has too much power and will start a war against them, also Napoleon needed more supplies anyway.
  • Pros: More land and more area to find supplies.
  • Cons: Less money and undefended in the Louisiana Purchase area.

James Madison

4th President

War of 1812 Timeline:

July 1812
September 1813
August and December 1814
January 1815

Treaty of Ghent:

  • Signed by Belgium
  • December 24
  • 1814
  • Ended the War of 1812

Marbury vs. Madison

  • Enabled the supreme court to check the power of other branches of the government.

James Monroe

5th President

About James Monroe:

  • Republican
  • Gained Florida through the Adam-Onís Treaty
  • The Monroe Doctrine was a statement that they should not mess with the United States
  • Henry Clay started the Missouri Compromise where it settled the conflict that had arisen with Missouri's application of statehood.
  • Erie Canal ran from Albany to Buffalo, New York.

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