Jim Crow Laws
School- The schools for white children and the schools for colored children shall be conducted differently.
Railroads- The conductor of each passenger train is authorized and required to assign each passenger to the car, or the division of the car, when it's divided by a partition, designated for the race to which such passager belongs.
The Great Depression
The Great Depression was a time of long-lasting economic downturn. It took place over ten years, from 1929-1939. It started because of a stock market crash in October 1929. This sent Wall Street into panic and wiped out millions of investors. Consumer spending and investment decreased, rising the levels of unemployment. The Great Depression had its nadir in 1933, and 13-15 million Americans were unemployed. President Roosevelt helped decrease the bad things that were happening in 1930. The market did not recover completely until 1939.
Abolishment of Slavery
The end of slavery for African-Americans ment that they were free of white people having ownership over them. White people treated colored people better at the time of Roll of Thunder, Hear Me Cry, but white people still had major authority over the colored. Mama says in Roll of Thunder, "White people may demand our respect, but what we give them is not respect but fear." (Taylor 127) So, at the time of the story, white people still believed that they were better than colored people. Abraham Lincoln said "And upon this act, sincerely believed to be an act of justice, warranted by the Constitution, upon military necessity, I invoke the considerate judgment of mankind, and the gracious favor of Almighty God." This means that everyone in God's eyes was the same. No matter the color of their skin or how much land a family has.
"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." -The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America
Lynching was a punishment for a crime that only applied to colored people. People were charged with lynching if they had broken the Jim Crow Laws. If you are lynched, you get no trial, and it could be done for little to no reason in the south. If someone was sentenced to be lynched, they were hung from a tree with a noose around your neck. You can't survive a lynching. An example from the book is what the night men were going to do to TJ, Mr. Morrison, and Papa. An example from the book is when Kaleb Wallace said "I got me three new ropes!" (Taylor 576) He says this because he was planning on hanging the three.