Background: Type 1 diabetes happens when the pancreas can't produce insulin anymore. Insulin is a hormone that regulates blood sugar. When insulin is not made, glucose cannot get into the cells where it is needed so it stays in the blood stream. This causes blood sugar to get very high. It is often diagnosed in children and teens. It is uncommon for adults to be diagnosed later in life.
Dietary Guidelines: It is important is remain a consistent diet. Recommended range for day time blood sugar is between 70 and 130 mg/dL. They need to stay away from unnecessary sugar, carbohydrates, sodium and fat that can spike blood sugar. They need to limit carbohydrate consumption to 45-60 grams per meal. A good diabetic plate would have 1/4 protein, 1/4 starch, and 1/2 non-starchy vegetables. They need to focus on food that is high in vitamins and minerals. Examples: fresh or frozen fruit, carrots, green leafy vegetables, and onions. It's important to limit carbohydrates eaten. Proteins are important! Eat smaller meals and snack throughout the day, also have a healthy breakfast.
How to monitor your blood sugar: Take insulin everyday, eat a healthy diet and stick to a diabetic meal plan, check blood sugar levels several times a day, and get regular physical activity. Before a type 1 diabetic eats, their blood sugar level should be between 80-140mg/dl and after they eat it should be below 140mg/dl. The machine used to check blood sugar level is called a blood glucose meter. A1C tests average blood glucose levels. It is important to have your A1C checked frequently. Your A1C level should be 8.2%. High blood sugar will make Type 1 diabetics feel sick so it is important to keep blood sugar levels within a healthy range.
Lifestyle and exercise information: Exercise helps insulin work better in the body, which helps blood sugar levels stay in a healthy range. Also you need to test your glucose levels before, during, and after exercise. As for lifestyle choices for Type 1 diabetics, you should take the right dose of insulin, eat right, make a meal plan, bring snacks and water when exercising, and be aware of high and low blood sugar levels. Watch for sweating, weakness, and headaches if your blood sugar is too low. Symptoms of high blood sugar are thirst, tiredness, and blurry vision.
Personal story: http://www.everydayhealth.com/columns/my-health-story/a-new-life-with-type-one-diabetes-jadas-story/
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