The Great Barrier Reef Georgia Mccord

The Great Barrier Reef is the largest living Eco system in the whole World and is said to be viewable from space

Place & space

The Great Barrier Reef is off the coast of Queensland in Northeast Australia. The Reef is the largest living thing on earth. It has over 3000 coral reefs within the entirety of the reef, the Reef is 344,400km2. The Reef is significant to Indigenous Australians as there are many cultural sites and values in and surrounding the Reef. The Reef is home to animals like dugongs and turtles, which were very important to the stories of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait islanders during the dream time. The Great Barrier Reef is one of Australia's biggest tourist attractions. A contour map shows the high and low points of the Reef.

Environment

The vegetation and animal life in the Great Barrier Reef is very highly populated. There are 1625 species of fish.More than 3000 species of shells. Six of the worlds seven turtle species, 30 species of dolphins and whales also inhabit the Reef. It also is home to one of the most important dugon species in the World and over 130 species of sharks and rays. Because of the large and varied amount of species living in the Reef it makes it one of the richest and most natural systems in the World. .The seascape of the Great Barrier Reef is covered, like a blanket, with over 3000 reefs filled with coral, rocks and of course the marine life. The Great Barrier Reef is part of the Northern Australian tropical climate and in summer the water ranges from 24°-33°, and in winter 14°-26°. The whole Great Barrier Reef is a natural habitat and ecosystem that is one of the seven wonders of the World. It has been changed over time due to climate change. It has impacted so heavily on the Reef and is causing the heat of the water to increase, causing the coral to bleach. ( they expel algae from inside their tissues, turning them white) which means it takes more time to recover which stops it from producing spores, sadly this means that the coral will decrease, and eventually disappear over decades.

https://m.youtube.com/watch?v=Q7wSGps1BnM

http://greatbarrierreefliveaboards.com/reef-snorkeling/

Interconnection

The tourism industry has also had a negative impact upon the Great Barrier Reef, such as the fragile corals being broken via reef walking, heavy boats dropping anchors breaking the coral, and sometimes killing the marine life. such Fuel from boats and tankers passing by pollute the Reef, creating an oil slick, stressing out the coral.It is estimated that over 2 million visitors go to the Great Barrier Reef.Tourism also creates over 60,000 Jobs creating $5.4 billion annually.

http://www.greatbarrierreef.org

Sustainability

To ensure that the Great Barrier Reef is alive for future generations we must protect it. The Representative Areas Program has zoned areas to Protect the marine life. The Australian Government has created THE REEF 2050 LONG TERM SUSTAINABILITY PLAN. to address the threats and boost the health and resilience of the Reef, to help the chances of our Reef being alive and well for current and future generations. The government is contributing $40 million dollars towards protecting the Reef.

http://bigfury.whitsunday-islands.net

Change

One of the biggest things to happen to the Great Barrier Reef is fish depletion due to the years and years of fishing. There are many zones that are illegal to fish in and the Reef has started recovering slowly. Another sea creature introduced by hiking on a boat is eating the coral and increasing in numbers daily. This is the crown of thorn starfish.

http://carnivoraforum.com/topic/10352617/1/

Source

To ensure management of the Great Barrier Reef we must check its water levels and how hot the water is and ensure it doesn't rise to a boiling heat. This will make sure that our Coral stays for generations. The CSIRO are cloud seeding the Great Barrier Reef, trying to cool the water and keep the salt levels at the right levels

http://www.greatbarrierreef.org/about-the-reef/

Bibliography

http://eatlas.org.au/data/uuid/25685ba5-6583-494f-974d-cce2f3429b78

https://www.divingcairns.com.au/reef_culture

http://studentview.com.au/great-barrier-reef-threat/

http://www.environment.gov.au/topics/marine/gbr/gladstone-bund-wall-review

http://bigfury.whitsunday-islands.net

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