Greece debate

Greece vs. Rome


  • early philosophers reject religion in order to come up with a cosmological theory purely based on natural phenomena (the first people to use science to explain things instead of religion)
  • Thought that human babies are to helpless of humans must have come from an animal who had stronger offspring.
  • Believe it was good to look at things a different way
  • Pythagoras mixed religion with science and credited with the first math equation Pythagorean theorem
  • Leucippus and Democritus first to believe that everything was made of atoms, believe that everything happened due to natural laws and the universe. Try to study things without the influence of culture.
  • Later
  • Sophist school, had to pay to attend, you went to learn
  • Before Socrates philosophers what to explain the physical world naturally
  • Socrates wanted to focus on moral questions
  • Plato and Aristotle most important
  • There work is still the focus today
  • entertainment: llkdcmlcm



  • democracy later and basically means citizens rule (for athens)
  • all males had equal rights political rights, freedom of speech, could participate in in politics
  • citizens could help dictate how the are ruled(laws and stuff)
  • all male citizens could serve in government
  • controlled all parts of politics
  • any male could particpate in the assembly
  • met around 2 times a month, on a hill that could house 6000 citizens
  • any citizen could speak, and vote by raising a hand, majority won
  • 9 presidents elected and organized proceedings and assessed voting, only elected once
  • talked about and decided everything for the city state


  • two consuls, had veto power, ultimate power, appointed by popular assembly
  • senate didn't have a lot of power, but had influence, adivisors for consuls and later emperors, often waelthy
  • assemblies, multiple, represented different groups of people, ex concilium plebis for the common people, held power of people, disappeared when emperors,
  • became an empire later

Daily life Greece


  • children, lived with mother, mother or slave taught them until 7 when boys would go off to school, education left to father, boys went to school, taught to read, write and simple math until 14 also taught sports, then went to higher education, finally into military service.
  • girls taught how to keep a house, and basic math, reading and writing skills
  • women in charge of house and slaves
  • men ran government, were the army and worked in fields



  • Theatre, plays could be comedy, tragedy, watch in huge amphitheatre, women could attend, every sity had one the attracted thousands of people
  • Olympics, games held, connected city states, wrestling, javelin, discus, sprinting
  • Literature: epic poems and fables like the odyssey and the Iliad.


  • Blood games (gladiators) may include animals, done in huge stadiums like the Colosseum, thousands would attend
  • scattered theatres
  • used to keep people occupied, to prevent threat from the poor, most things were free



  • Ethics was popular to theorize about in classical and Hellenistic greece
  • philosophers included Socrates, Aristotle, Plato, Cynics, Cyrenaics, Epicurus
  • talked about happiness, justice, soul, morals, virtue, courage, moderation
  • basically they theorized how we thing and why we do things like phychologists
  • we still build on some of these things
  • some theories are still apply today


  • Idealistic form for the human body, often skinny and strong
  • male nude common, female sculptures covered
  • serene faces, stiff body
  • more realistic in Hellenistic period
  • invented Doric, ionic, and Corinthian columns


Created with images by Cebete - "Il Partenone" • Kristoffer Trolle - "Lady sitting in front of Parthenon on Acropolis, Athens, Greece" • Paul G Johnson - "Coluseum" • virtusincertus - "Socrates" • Harry Pujols - "Amphitheater" • Ken and Nyetta - "Third Century BC Roman Copy of Classical Greek Male Nude of Doimede from 440 - 430 BC. It was carved according to Polykleitos' 5th Century BC Theoretical Treatise on the Ideal Proportions of Man"

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