Japan became a military society when Minamoto Yoritomo got the title of shogun. Emperors became less and less powerful when Minamoto Yoritomo created a military government. The military society also started when shoguns and daimyos took the emperor's place.
The warrior-lords or daimyo, helped rule Japan with Shoguns around the fourteenth century.
The shogun held the real power of an emperor. At first, the emperor held the power until the power shifted to the shogun. The shoguns got invented when the military government founded by Minamoto Yoritomo. The shogun led the military government.
Samurai or warriors were rewarded by Moritomo Yoritomo and his successors these lands and appointments to office in return for a pledge to defend and server the Shogun.
Samurai armor were heavy at the times. Under the armor, were robes called Kimono. The robe also had baggy trousers with shinguards on then legs. The shinguards were made of cloth or leather. The armor included rows of metal coated with lacquer. The lacquer were laced together by very colorful cords of silk. There were box like panels covered the torso and back of the samurai. Some samurai decided to wear thigh guards and helmets that look or try to look scary. The helmets also protected the head and the helmet included a sweet incense that makes it so that when the head gets cut, it would still smell fine.
Many samurai fought bows and arrows, spears, and swords. A bow can get up to eight feet long and would take many strength and power to handle it. Sometimes sharpshooters on horseback would fight an enemy pulling arrows from their quiver. They used the arrows the snipe the other enemy down. In hand to hand fights and battles, foot soldiers sometimes used the spears to perform a powerful thrust on another foot soldier, or threw the spear to kill an enemy on horseback. The most precious and prized weapon and possession of a samurai warrior is the sword. Japanese sword makers were really excellent swords makers and crafted swords used by the samurai. The samurai sword is the finest sword in the world. The samurai sword were flexible so it would be durable, but had to stay razor sharp. A samurai used two different swords, a long curved blade sword and a small sword for slicing the head off. Wearing a sword was a privilege and a right of a samurai. Some swords were passed down through generations of families and warriors. Some were given to loyal samurai as prizes.
The first ever way to train and fight a samurai was named "The Way of the Horse and the Bow". They then found out swordsmanship was more important than archery. The samurai had to work and work until they mastered the art of archery and could aim accurately without thinking.
The stages of a samurai started when you were born. To be born a samurai you had to have samurai parents that adopted that samurai. When you trained to work in the army, you had to work with your right arm and never the left. Samurai were taught to never be selfishly and starting at the age of seven started going to school. When you aged ten, you would go to school for twelve hours to fight and train as well as learning the usual school subjects.
Samurai were trained to breathe properly and to shoot properly riding a galloping horse. Samurai learned to fence or swordsmanship. The samurai learned what to do and to make the first move. Samurai also learned how to stay out of range of an enemy's weapon, to fight in a closed and tight space, and hoe to fight more than one opponent at once. Samurai were mentally trained to overcome fears like dying in a fight, and self control over the emotions in a fight. Also the samurai learned to be alert and to always be prepared. Samurai had to walk barefoot in snow and had to go days without eating to endure pain and suffering. Samurai also had to tell themselves they were already dead to overcome the fear of death. Samurai also had to never relax. The samurai learned a "sixth sense" so that the samurai can always be prepared.
Bushido is an unwritten code used by samurai to govern their lives. It also made samurai to be honest,loyal,fair, and fearless in the face of death.
Samurai had to be loyal to his master and to gladly die for the lord. Samurai also had to guard their personal honor.
Sepukku is a ritual suicide where a samurai kills him or her self to avoid capture a battle and to contain personal honor. Seppuku was also used as a punishment for crime, insulting a higher ranked member, a way to get rid of a shameful deed, to protest, and to die for their lord.
In the seventeenth century where it was more peaceful, samurai learned poetry and practiced calligraphy which is the art of beautiful writing. Samurai also learned short poems called a haiku.
Samurai learned the art of tea ceremonies. The tea party served to serve as a ceremony where alliances are created between samurai. Tea ceremonies also fostered reverence, calm, and harmony. Every step of a tea party had to be performed in a different kind of way.
Zen and Amida Buddhism were both used by samurai. Amida Buddhism was founded by a monk named Honen. Amida Buddhism taught that if you say Amida for than 70,000 times a day, you will go to paradise when you die. Zen Buddhism was mainly used by Samurai but taught to pu emphasis on effort and discipline. Zen taught to meditate to achieve enlightenment. Zen also taught to give up everything everyday and to think logically. Zen Buddhists also built gardens and symbolized nature.
The role of women is samurai society changed when women were treated with more honor and respect.
In the twelfth century women were treated with respect and were also honored. In this time, women had more power and enjoyed a considerable status. Women in this century were also powerful samurai and won many battles.
In the seventeenth century, women's position weakened more and more over time. Men then got to turn into the unquestioned lords and took power over women's again. The women wouldn't even get to marry who they want either. They also had to read a book to tell them how to behave. Peasent women got more respect but samurai women in samurai families had to obey the male samurai