Christopher Columbus: Spain 1492-1502- travelled to Bahamas Hispaniola. Found water route from Europe to Asia, found americas
Amerigo Vespucci: Spain (Italian) 1499- travelled to South America Amazon river. Clarified the islands that Columbus explored, Americas is named after him
Henry Hudson: Dutch (english) 1609-1611- travelled to New York. Found a northwest passage to China, Dutch colonization
Hernan Cortes: Spain 1519-1521- traveled to Cuba Yucatan Peninsula. Rescued a spaniard collapse of aztecs
Francisco Pizarro: spain 1532-1538- traveled to Peru to seek fortune founded peru- allowed more advances into South America
Juan Ponce de Leon: Spain 1513 traveled to Florida for wealth, land, "fountain of youth" Spain claimed Puerto Rico and St. Augustine FL.
Hernando de Soto: spain 1539-1542 -traveled to Mississippi River. Found the city of gold ,Part of civil war in Peru
Jacques Cartier: France 1534-1542 traveled to St. Lawrence River. Northwest passage from america to asia Opened region up to exploration
Anasaki: most powerful Indians in southwest. Their architectural designs are still being used.
Aztec- Native empire in Mexico, controlling empire till conquered by Cortes. Practice human sacrifice and controlled trade.
Cahokia- Native American settlement in East St. Louis
Incans-South American controlling empire till conquered by Pizarro. Main focus was agriculture.
Iroquois Confederacy- Indian confederation in New York and the eastern Great Lakes. Played a role in the French and English conflicts
Powhatan- Chief of Indian tribe near Jamestown. Wanted peace between colonist and Indians. Daughter is Pocahontas who "saved" John Smith, and ended the a war between the colonist and Indians.
John Winthrop- Led English puritans into the New World. Governor of Massachusetts Bay Colony; shaping its goverment
Puritans- Protestants that focused on destroying all Roman Catholic practices from the Anglican Church.
Quakers- Foundation by George Fox of Christians, helped found Pennsylvania.
Alien and Sedation act- was enacted by John Adams. Four bills making it harder and more limitations on immigration. Sedition act prevented the speaking against the U.S. goverment
Ben Franklin-tried to improve the American society. Wrote the Declaration of Independence and the Pennsylvania Gazette. Founded the American Philosophical Society
Citizen Genet- Tried to gain military support for the French during the French Revolution