REFORM MOVEMENTS TaimoOr C. & KenyoN R. (3rd period)

Foundations of Reform

New religious movements had been appearing in the country. One major movement was the second great awakening which revived the religious belief and feeling which played a big role in the individuals societies, It brought modern morals to laws. Transcendentalism was another movement which believed in the goodness of man and believed they could reform society. However, this movement disagreed with institutions in soc


In the mid 1800's, both white and black Americans started protesting against slavery. These Americans, known as abolitionists, felt that "liberty and equality" was a major factor towards ending slavery. Northerners still accepted slavery in the south, contrary to the fact that slavery ended in the north. Fredrick Douglas and sojourner truth were two black abolitionist who both became leaders in the abolitionist movement.

Woman's rights

Rights that promote a position of legal and social equality of women with men. Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cody Stanton attended the WAC only being outraged when they weren't allowed to speak with the men, because of this, they hosted a national women's right convention in the New Gork modeling their proposal for women's rights creating the Declaration of Sentimeroe. This resulted in the Seneca falls convention demanded equality for women anytime, anywhere.l

Education reform

Name given to the goal of changing public education. The efforts of changing public education was led by Horace Mann. He spoke to the citizens about the importance of public education, because he believed producing an educated generation will lead to less poverty crime. This philosophy is followed because the one constant for all forms of education reform includes the idea that small changes in education will have large social return in citizen health, wealth, and well-being. Many reforms focus on society by reforming education on more scientific humanistic or democratic principles.

Temperance Movement

The reason for the movement was because alcohol was linked to crime, breaking families, and Alcohol abuse became trending among men women and even children. This led to the temperance movement, which was a public campaign against the use of alcohol. As this movement gained momentum , it led to the prohibition of the manufacture and the sale of alcohol.

Prison reform

This reform is to improve conditions Inside prisons. The first person to spark prison reform was Dorothea Dix., who saw what was done to children, how the mentally ill were treated, and the space that was given to prisoners . A large number of prisoners were debtors, even if they only had to pay a minuscule amount of money. Dix persuaded law makers to reform prisons. Examples include, the outlawing of cruel punishments (which is ironic, because this statement was already in the bill of rights), the discounting of debtors, and creation of juvenile detention.

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