The Assasination Attempt on the Pope By:sTAN Orentas

Mehmet Ali Agfa attempted to assassinate Pope John Paul II in St. Peter's Square in 1981. On May 13, 1981,he fired twice at the Pope as the Pontiff rode in an open car blessing thousands of people. One bullet hit the Pope's hand, and the other his abdomen, barely missing vital organs. Agfa was immediately captured.

"Mehmet Ali Agca." World of Criminal Justice, Gale, 2002. Gale Biography In Context, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=GPS&sw=w&u=catholiccenhs&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CK2425100014&it=r&asid=d5d4e3aafbb993319936cd861c4f2df1. Accessed 1 May 2017.

Mehmet Ali Agfa was born in Malatya, Turkey, in 1958. Little is known about his early years, but by mid-1970s, he was firmly established as a member of the right-wing Grey Wolves, a terrorist group dedicated to hunting left-wing opponents. In 1979, he was jailed in Istanbul on charges of murdering the moderate editor of a daily newspaper. He escaped from a maximum-security prison with the help of other members of the Grey Wolves. A Turkish court convicted him in absentia and sentenced him to death, which was later reduced to 10 years in prison.

"Mehmet Ali Agca." World of Criminal Justice, Gale, 2002. Gale Biography In Context, go.galegroup.com/ps/i.do?p=GPS&sw=w&u=catholiccenhs&v=2.1&id=GALE%7CK2425100014&it=r&asid=d5d4e3aafbb993319936cd861c4f2df1. Accessed 1 May 2017.

Mehmet Ali Agfa 1981
Mehmet Ali Agfa- present

The assassination attempt on the Pope is still a big mystery on who was involved in the planning of the assassination. People believed that it might have been Russia due to Pope John Paul being a big anti-communist. But more information came in 1983 which made the investigation a lot harder. Iordan Mantarov supposedly reported to the French intelligence that the KGB and DS had collaborated on the plot to assassinate the Pope. The Times concluded that Agfa had some connection to the Bulgarians, including the Bulgarian secret police. The information came from someone close to Beckie Celenk, a Turkish smuggler who Agfa claimed had offered him a substantial sum of money to kill the pope. Many different stories were told on who planned this event and in the end was concluded that it was the Bulgarian involvement, acting against the wishes of the KGB.

Daniel C. Scotto, The Gettysburg Historical Journal, "Pope John Paul II, the Assassination Attempt, and the Soviet Union." http://cupola.gettysburg.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cg?iarticle=1074&context=ghj. Accessed May 1, 2017

Mehmet Ali Agfa was sentenced to life in prison when he told that it was all of his idea, but then changed it by telling that it was something instituted by the KGB, this statement and the pardoning of the Vatican only made Mehmet Ali Agfa serve a jail sentence of only 10 years. 4 days later after the attempt on his life, he personally went to the jail cell of Mehmet and forgave him publically and asked the entire world to pray for him. After Mehmet was released from prison, he said that he will go to his grave and pray over his tomb.

Mathew Blitz. "The Unsolved Cases of the attempted assassination on the Pope". September 21. 2015. http://www.atlasobscura.com/articles/the-unsolved-case-of-the-attempted-assassination-of-pope-john-paul-ii. Accessed May 1, 2017.

Pope John Paul II forgiving Mehmet in his jail cell in Rome

This event was important in human history because the third of the Fatima secrets was revealed. The first message allegedly predicted World War II, the second the rise (and fall) of the Soviet Union, and the third was still a Vatican secret in 1985. In 1986, the Bulgarian and Turkish defendants were acquitted for lack of evidence. The third message was a prophetic vision” in which “a bishop clothed in white…falls to the ground, apparently dead, under a burst of gunfire.” The Vatican interpreted this as a prediction of the attempt on John Paul II’s life. Mehmet Ali Agca, who had guessed the alleged Fatima-assassination connection in 1985, was pardoned by Italian President Carolo Ciampi on June 14, 2000.

General Interest. "Pope John Paul II Shot" http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/pope-john-paul-ii-shot. Accessed May 1, 2017.

Final stages of Pope John Paul II life

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