When the Swan River Colony was proclaimed before a small gathering of newly arrived settlers and officials on 18 June1829, it was the beginning of a first brave attempt to establish a settlement in Australia without the financial backing of the British government and without convict labour. It was to be a faltering start, for the land was not as fertile nor, at least that year, the climate as benign as the settlers had been led to believe. Within three years some of the pioneers had given up and returned to Britain or moved to the eastern colonies and others less fortunate had died in their attempts to build a new life. Those who remained and later arrivals faced many hardships before the colony's future was assured.
Inquiry Questions for the Swan River Colony:
What were the rules and regulations on the convict ship from England to Fremantle? 1. The prisoners must conduct themselves in a respectful and becoming manner to all the officers on board and they are strictly to obey as I may issue through the Captain of Division of Heads and Messes. 2. The prisoners must behave themselves in a decent and becoming manner at all times but more especially when prayers are had at Divine Service, performed prayers morning and evening weather permitting.
What was life like travelling on a ship for so long?
When you first met the native aboriginals in Western Australia were you scared, what did you do and why?
How long was the trip to Australia? The trip was around four to six months.
Was it tough adapting to WA and why?
How much people died on the ship when you were on your way to Australia?
What diseases did people catch on the way?
How did you communicate with your family?
My Swan River Colony Timeline By Jaydon