Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the creator of psychoanalysis, or “talk therapy”. Freud’s main ideas were that unconscious behaviours, such as those of one’s childhood or dreams, would have a major effect on one’s current behaviours. While he was a great psychologist, Freud’s theories proved to be controversial. This is due to his belief that all actions were driven by sexual tensions, which is obviously not the case when one factors in children in need of psychological help.
Claude Monet, The Argenteuil Bridge (1874)
During the late 19th century, the Impressionist movement sparked a new medium of art. Claude Monet’s style used in The Argenteuil Bridge is unique in that he strayed from traditional painting techniques. As seen in the painting, Monet used short brush strokes that were not meant to be neat, but rather abstract and unclear, creating a surreal effect about the the subject of the painting, no matter how simple that subject is.
Paul Cézanne, The Basket of Apples (1893)
While still-life painting appeared to be the least exciting medium of painting out there, Cézanne saw otherwise. Still-life paintings originally served as decorations in homes, and the entire medium has been characterized as a trivial thing. Cézanne believed that art should be reflective of what we as humans see, rather than simply photographic images.
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